About asarpatwari

Ameet Sarpatwari is an Instructor in Medicine at Harvard Medical School and an Associate Epidemiologist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital based in the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) within the Division of Pharmacoepidemiology and Pharmacoeconomics. His research draws upon his interdisciplinary training as an epidemiologist and lawyer and focuses on the effects of laws and regulations on therapeutic development, approval, use, and related public health outcomes.

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari, Michael S. Sinha, and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of April. The selections feature topics ranging from experience with the FDA breakthrough drug designation pathway; to the impact of off-patent drug acquisitions on prices; to the Indian pharmaceutical patent prosecution. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Corrigan-Curay J, McKee AE, Stein P. Breakthrough-Therapy Designation—An FDA Perspective. N Engl J Med. 2018 Apr 12;378(15):1457-1458.
  2. Darrow JJ, Avorn J, Kesselheim AS. The FDA Breakthrough-Drug Designation – Four Years of Experience. N Engl J Med. 2018 Apr 12;378(15):1444-1453.
  3. Desai RJ, Sarpatwari A, Dejene S, Khan NF, Lii J, Rogers JR, Dutcher SK, Raofi S, Bohn J, Connolly J, Fischer MA, Kesselheim AS, Gagne JJ. Differences in rates of switchbacks after switching from branded to authorized generic and branded to generic drug products: cohort study. BMJ. 2018 Apr 3;361:k1180.
  4. Goldman AL, McCormick D, Haas JS, Sommers BD. Effects of the ACA’s Health Insurance Marketplaces on the Previously Uninsured: A Quasi-Experimental Analysis. Health Aff. 2018 Apr;37(4):591-599.
  5. Gupta R, Henkel A, Forman HP, Ross JS. The Impact of Off-Patent Drug Acquisitions on Prices. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 Apr 23. [Epub ahead of print]
  6. Hwang TJ, Franklin JM, Chen CT, Lauffenburger JC, Gyawali B, Kesselheim AS, Darrow JJ. Efficacy, Safety, and Regulatory Approval of Food and Drug Administration-Designated Breakthrough and Nonbreakthrough Cancer Medicines. J Clin Oncol. 2018 Apr 24. [Epub ahead of print]
  7. Sampat BN, Shadlen KC. Indian pharmaceutical patent prosecution: The changing role of Section 3(d). PLoS One. 2018 Apr 2;13(4):e0194714.

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari, Michael S. Sinha, and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of March. The selections feature topics ranging from the FDA’s regular approval of cancer drugs based on single-arm studies; to delays in the completion and reporting of clinical trials under the Paediatric Regulation in the EU, to legal challenges to state drug pricing laws. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. DeLoughery EP, Prasad V. The US Food and Drug Administration’s use of regular approval for cancer drugs based on single-arm studies: implications for subsequent evidence generation. Ann Oncol. 2018 Mar 1;29(3):527-529.
  2. Gupta R, Bollyky TJ, Cohen M, Ross JS, Kesselheim AS. Affordability and availability of off-patent drugs in the United States-the case for importing from abroad: observational study. BMJ. 2018 Mar 19;360:k831.
  3. Hwang TJ, Tomasi PA, Bourgeois FT. Delays in completion and results reporting of clinical trials under the Paediatric Regulation in the European Union: A cohort study. PLoS Med. 2018 Mar 1;15(3):e1002520.
  4. Lee TT, Kesselheim AS, Kapczynski A. Legal Challenges to State Drug Pricing Laws. JAMA. 2018 Mar 6;319(9):865-866.
  5. ‘t Hoen EF, Veraldi J, Toebes B, Hogerzeil HV. Medicine procurement and the use of flexibilities in the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights, 2001-2016. Bull World Health Organ. 2018 Mar 1;96(3):185-193.
  6. Wagner J, Marquart J, Ruby J, Lammers A, Mailankody S, Kaestner V, Prasad V. Frequency and level of evidence used in recommendations by the National Comprehensive Cancer Network guidelines beyond approvals of the US Food and Drug Administration: retrospective observational study. BMJ. 2018 Mar 7;360:k668.

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari, Michael S. Sinha, and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of February. The selections feature topics ranging from tertiary patenting of drug-device combinations; to off-label promotion and adherence to FDA guidelines among direct-to-consumer advertisements; to the impact of FDA label changes. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Beall RF, Kesselheim AS. Tertiary patenting on drug-device combination products in the United States. Nat Biotechnol. 2018 Feb 6;36(2):142-145.
  2. Bothwell LE, Avorn J, Khan NF, Kesselheim AS. Adaptive design clinical trials: a review of the literature and ClinicalTrials.gov. BMJ Open. 2018 Feb 10;8(2):e018320.
  3. Chang HY, Murimi I, Faul M, Rutkow L, Alexander GC. Impact of Florida’s prescription drug monitoring program and pill mill law on high-risk patients: A comparative interrupted time series analysis. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2018 Feb 28. [Epub ahead of print]
  4. Fralick M, Avorn J, Franklin JM, Abdurrob A, Kesselheim AS. Application and impact of run-in studies. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 Feb 15. [Epub ahead of print]
  5. Klara K, Kim J, Ross JS. Direct-to-Consumer Broadcast Advertisements for Pharmaceuticals: Off-Label Promotion and Adherence to FDA Guidelines. J Gen Intern Med. 2018 Feb 26. [Epub ahead of print]
  6. Powers JH, Evans SR, Kesselheim AS. Studying new antibiotics for multidrug resistant infections: are today’s patients paying for unproved future benefits? BMJ. 2018 Feb 22;360:k587.
  7. Sobel RE, Bate A, Marshall J, Haynes K, Selvam N, Nair V, Daniel G, Brown JS, Reynolds RF. Do FDA label changes work? Assessment of the 2010 class label change for proton pump inhibitors using the Sentinel System’s analytic tools. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2018 Feb 2. [Epub ahead of print]
  8. Wallach JD, Ross JS. Gabapentin Approvals, Off-Label Use, and Lessons for Postmarketing Efforts. JAMA. 2018 Feb 27;319(8):776-778.

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari, Michael S. Sinha, and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of January. The selections feature topics ranging from the savings possible from greater generic substitution in Medicare; to proposed federal right to try legislation; to the characteristics of interim publications and final publications from RCTs. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Egilman AC, Wallach JD, Ross JS, Dhruva SS. Medicare Spending and Potential Savings on Brand-Name Drugs with Available Generic Substitutes Excluded by 2 Large Pharmacy Benefit Managers, 2012 Through 2015. JAMA Intern Med. 2018 Jan 16. [Epub ahead of print]
  2. Fuse Brown EC, Sarpatwari A. Removing ERISA’s Impediment to State Health Reform. N Eng J Med. 2018 Jan 4;378(1):5-7.
  3. Joffe S, Lynch HF. Federal Right-to-Try Legislation—Threatening the FDA’s Public Health Mission. N Eng J Med. 2018 Jan 10. [Epub ahead of print]
  4. Sinha MS, Freifeld CC, Brownstein JS, Donneyong MM, Rausch P, Lappin BM, Zhou EH, Dal Pan GJ, Pawar AM, Hwang TJ, Avorn J, Kesselheim AS. Social Media Impact of the Food and Drug Administration’s Drug Safety Communication Messaging About Zolpidem: Mixed-Methods Analysis. JMIR Public Health Surveill. 2018 Jan 5;4(1).
  5. Sommers BD, Kesselheim AS. Massachusetts’ Proposed Medicaid Reforms – Cheaper Drugs and Better Coverage? N Engl J Med. 2018 Jan 11;378(2):109-111.
  6. Woloshin S, Schwartz LM, Bagley PJ, Blunt HB, White B. Characteristics of Interim Publications of Randomized Clinical Trials and Comparison with Final Publications. JAMA. 2018 Jan 23;319(4):404-406.

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari, Michael S. Sinha, and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of December. The selections feature topics ranging from the benefits, limitations, and value of abuse-deterrent opioids; to PDUFA VI; to Medicare formulary restrictions for prescription opioids. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Curfman GD, Beletsky L, Sarpatwari A. Benefits, Limitations, and Value of Abuse-Deterrent Opioids. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 Dec 11. [Epub ahead of print]
  2. Darrow JJ, Beall RF, Kesselheim AS. Will inter partes review speed US generic drug entry? Nat Biotechnol. 2017 Dec 8;35(12):1139-1141.
  3. Darrow JJ, Avorn J, Kesselheim AS. Speed, Safety, and Industry Funding—From PDUFA I to PDUFA VI. N Engl J Med. 2017 Dec 7;377(23):2278-2286.
  4. Dave CV, Hartzema A, Kesselheim AS. Prices of Generic Drugs Associated with Numbers of Manufacturers. N Engl J Med. 2017 Dec 28;377(36):2597-2598.
  5. Hwang TJ, Darrow JJ, Kesselheim AS. The FDA’s Expedited Programs and Clinical Development Times for Novel Therapeutics, 2012-2016. JAMA. 2017 Dec 5;318(21):2137-2138.
  6. Miller JE, Wilenzick M, Ritcey N, Ross JS, Mello MM. Measuring clinical trial transparency: an empirical analysis of newly approved drugs and large pharmaceutical companies. BMJ Open. 2017 Dec 5;7(12). [Epub ahead of print]
  7. Pinnow E, Amr S, Bentzen SM, Brajovic S, Hungerford L, St George DM, Dal Pan G. Postmarket Safety Outcomes for New Molecular Entity (NME) Drugs Approved by the Food and Drug Administration Between 2002 and 2014. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2017 Dec 20. [Epub ahead of print]
  8. Samuels EA, Ross JS, Dhruva SS. Medicare Formulary Coverage Restrictions for Prescription Opioids, 2006 to 2015. Ann Intern Med. 2017 Dec 19;167(12):895-896.

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari, Michael S. Sinha, and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of November. The selections feature topics ranging from the use of health care databases to support supplemental indications of approved medications, to the impact of the black triangle label on prescribing in the United Kingdom, to the role of emergency legal authority in addressing the opioid crisis. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Alpern JD, Zhang L, Stauffer WM, Kesselheim AS. Trends in Pricing and Generic Competition Within the Oral Antibiotic Drug Market in the United States. Clin Infect Dis. 2017 Nov 13;65(11):1848-1852.
  2. Fralick M, Kesselheim AS, Avorn J, Schneeweiss S. Use of Health Care Databases to Support Supplemental Indications of Approved Medications. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 Nov 20.
  3. Hakim A, Gupta R, Ross JS. High Costs of FDA Approval for Formerly Unapproved Marketed Drugs. JAMA. 2017 Nov 13. [Epub ahead of print]
  4. Horton DB, Gerhard T, Davidow A, Strom BL. Impact of the black triangle label on prescribing of new drugs in the United Kingdom: lessons for the United States at a time of deregulation. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2017 Nov;26(11):1307-1313.
  5. London AJ. Learning Health Systems, Clinical Equipoise, and the Ethics of Response Adaptive Randomisation. BMJ. 2017 Nov 24. [Epub ahead of print]
  6. Kim J, Ross JS, Kapczynski A. Pediatric Exclusivity and Regulatory Authority: Implications of Amgen v HHS. JAMA. 2017 Nov 8. [Epub ahead of print]
  7. Rutkow L, Vernick JS. Emergency Legal Authority and the Opioid Crisis. N Engl J Med. 2017 Nov 15. [Epub ahead of print]
  8. Sarpatwari A, Gluck AR, Curfman GD. The Supreme Court Ruling in Sandoz v Amgen: A Victory for Fellow-on Biologics. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 Nov 13. [Epub ahead of print]

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari, Michael S. Sinha, and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of October. The selections feature topics ranging from the trajectories of injectable cancer drug costs after launch in the United States, to the FDA Unapproved Drugs Initiative, to registries supporting new drug applications. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Gordon N, Stemmer SM, Greenberg D, Goldstein DA. Trajectories of Injectable Cancer Drug Costs After Launch in the United States. J Clin Oncol. 2017 Oct 10. [Epud ahead of print]
  2. Gupta R, Dhruva SS, Fox ER, Ross JS. The FDA Unapproved Drugs Initiative: An Observational Study of the Consequences for Drug Prices and Shortages in the United States. J Manag Care Spec Pharm. 2017 Oct;23(10):1066-1076.
  3. Jonker CJ, van der Berg HM, Kwa MSG, Hoes AW, Mol PGM. Registries supporting new drug applications. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2017 Oct 6.
  4. Sarpatwari A, Choudhry NK. Recalibrating Privacy Protections to Promote Patient Engagement. N Engl J Med. 2017 Oct 19;377(16):1509-1511.

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari, Michael S. Sinha, and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of September. The selections feature topics ranging from changes in misuse and abuse of prescription opioids following implementation of REMS programs, to the determinants of market exclusivity for prescription drugs, to the fate of FDA post-approval studies. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Bucher Bartelson B, Le Lait MC, Green JL, Cepeda MS, Coplan PM, Maziere JY, Wedin GP, Dart RC. Changes in misuse and abuse of prescription opioids following implementation of Extended-Release and Long-Acting Opioid Analgesic Risk Evaluation and Mitigation Strategy. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2017;26(9):1061-1070.
  2. Hey SP, Cohen IG, Adashi EY, Kesselheim AS. Influence, integrity, and the FDA: An ethical framework. Science. 2017;357(6354):876-877.
  3. Kashoki M, Lee C, Stein P. FDA Oversight of Postmarketing Studies. N Engl J Med. 2017;377(12):1201-1202.
  4. Kesselheim AS, Sinha MS, Avorn J. Determinants of Market Exclusivity for Prescription Drugs in the United States. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 Sep 11. [Epub ahead of print]
  5. Mostaghim SR, Gagne JJ, Kesselheim AS. Safety related label changes for new drugs after approval in the US through expedited regulatory pathways: retrospective cohort study. BMJ. 2017;358:j3837.
  6. Woloshin S, Schwartz LM, White B, Moore TJ. The Fate of FDA Postapproval Studies. N Engl J Med. 2017;377(12):1114-1117.
  7. Zeitoun JD, Baron G, Vivot A, Atal I, Downing NS, Ross JS, Ravaud P. Post-marketing research and its outcome for novel anticancer agents approved by both the FDA and EMA between 2005 and 2010: A cross-sectional study. Int J Cancer. 2017 Sep 20. [Epub ahead of print]

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari, Michael S. Sinha, and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of August. The selections feature topics ranging from the characteristics of pre- and post-approval studies for drugs granted accelerated approval by the FDA, to a review of policy options to reduce brand-name drug prices, to characteristics of clinical studies used for FDA approval of high-risk medical device supplements. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Reducing Branded Prescription Drug Prices: A Review of Policy Options. Alexander GC, Ballreich J, Socal MP, Karmarkar T, Trujillo A, Greene J, Sharfstein J, Anderson G. Pharmacotherapy. 2017 Aug 14. [Epub ahead of print]
  2. High Generic Drug Prices and Market Competition: A Retrospective Cohort Study. Dave CV, Kesselheim AS, Fox ER, Qiu P, Hartzema A. Ann Intern Med. 2017 Aug 1;167(3):145-151.
  3. Impact of the Black Triangle Label on Prescribing of New Drugs in the United Kingdom: Lessons for the United States at a Time of Deregulation. Horton DB, Gerhard T, Davidow A, Strom BL. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2017 Aug 31. [Epub ahead of print]
  4. Effect of US Food and Drug Administration’s Cardiovascular Safety Guidance on Diabetes Drug Development. Hwang TJ, Franklin JM, Kesselheim AS. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2017 Aug;102(2):290-296.
  5. Characteristics of Preapproval and Postapproval Studies for Drugs Granted Accelerated Approval by the US Food and Drug Administration. Naci H, Smalley KR, Kesselheim AS. JAMA. 2017 Aug 15;318(7):626-636.
  6. Health Insurance Coverage and Health – What the Recent Evidence Tells Us. Sommers BD, Gawande AA, Baicker K. N Eng J Med. 2017 Aug 10;377(6):586-593.
  7. Characteristics of Clinical Studies Used for US Food and Drug Administration Approval of High-Risk Medical Device Supplements. Zheng SY, Dhruva SS, Redberg RF. JAMA. 2017 Aug 15;318(7):619-625.

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari, Michael S. Sinha, and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of July. The selections feature topics ranging from the characteristics of expanded access programs, to the association of the priority review voucher with neglected tropical disease drug and vaccine development, to the use of surrogate outcomes in oncology. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Bonnie RJ, Kesselheim AS, Clark DJ. Both Urgency and Balance Needed in Addressing Opioid Epidemic: A Report from the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2017 Jul 13. [E-pub ahead of print]
  2. Fralick M, Avorn J, Kesselheim AS. The Price of Crossing the Border for Medications. N Engl J Med. 2017;377(4):311-313.
  3. Hwang TJ, Kesselheim AS, Sarpatwari A. Value-Based Pricing and State Reform of Prescription Drug Costs. 2017 Jul 10. [E-pub ahead of print]
  4. Jain N, Hwang TJ, Franklin JM, Kesselheim AS. Association of the Priority Review Voucher with Neglected Tropical Disease Drug and Vaccine Development. 2017;318(4):388-389.
  5. Kemp R, Prasad V. Surrogate Endpoints in Oncology: When Are They Acceptable for Regulatory and Clinical Decisions, and Are They Currently Overused? BMC Med. 2017;15(1):134.
  6. Miller JE, Ross JS, Moch KI, Caplan AL. Characterizing Expanded Access and Compassionate Use Programs for Experimental Drugs. BMC Res Notes. 2017;10(1):350.
  7. Phillips AT, Desai NR, Krumholz HM, Zou CX, Miller JE, Ross JS. Association of the FDA Amendment Act with Trial Registration, Publication, and Outcome Reporting. 2017;18(1):333.

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet SarpatwariMichael S. Sinha, and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of June. The selections feature topics ranging from physicians’ views of the Sunshine Act; to a biomarker-based drug development case study of CETP inhibitors, to the potential return on public investment in detecting adverse drug effects. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Chimonas S, DeVito NJ, Rothman DJ. Bringing Transparency to Medicine: Exploring Physicians’ Views and Experiences of the Sunshine Act. Am J Bioeth. 2017;17(6):4-18.
  2. Dong K, Boehm G, Zheng Q. Economic Impacts of the Generic Drug User Fee Act Fee Structure. Value Health. 2017;20(6):792-8.
  3. Hey SP, Franklin JM, Avorn J, Kesselheim AS. Success, Failure, and Transparency in Biomarker-Based Drug Development: A Case Study of Cholesteryl Ester Transfer Protein Inhibitors. Circ Cardiovasc Qual Outcomes. 2017;10(6).
  4. Huybrechts KF, Kesai RJ, Park M, Gagne JJ, Najafzadeh M, Avorn J. The Potential Return on Public Investment in Detecting Adverse Drug Effects. Med Care. 2017;55(6):545-51.
  5. Sommers BD, Maylone B, Blendon RJ, Orav EJ, Epstein AM. Three-Year Impacts Of The Affordable Care Act: Improved Medical Care And Health Among Low-Income Adults. Health Aff (Millwood). 2017;36(6):1119-28.
  6. ‘t Hoen EFM, Boulet P, Baker BK. Data exclusivity exceptions and compulsory licensing to promote generic medicines in the European Union: A proposal for greater coherence in European pharmaceutical legislation. J Pharm Policy Pract. 2017;10:19.

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari, Michael S. Sinha, and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of May. The selections feature topics ranging from post-approval safety events among novel drugs approved between 2001 and 2010, to the failure of the Alzheimer’s drug Solanezumab, to the three-year impacts of the Affordable Care Act among low-income adults. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Downing NS, Shah ND, Aminawung JA, Pease AM, Zeitoun JD, Krumholz HM, Ross JS. Postmarket safety events among novel therapeutics approved by the US Food and Drug Administration between 2001 and 2010. JAMA. 2017 May 9;317(18):1854-1863.
  2. Gellad WF, Kesselheim AS. Accelerated approval and expensive drugs – a challenging combination. N Engl J Med. 2017 May 25;376(21):2001-2004.
  3. Pease AM, Krumholz HM, Downing NS, Aminawung JA, Shah ND, Ross JS. Postapproval studies of drugs initially approved by the FDA on the basis of limited evidence: systematic review. BMJ. 2017 May 3;357:j1680.
  4. Sacks CA, Avorn J, Kesselheim AS. The failure of Solanezumab – how the FDA saved taxpayers billions. N Engl J Med. 2017 May 4;376(18):1706-1708.
  5. Sommers BD, Maylone B, Blendon RJ, Orav EJ, Epstein AM. Three-year impacts of the Affordable Care Act: improved medical care and health among low-income adults. Health Aff (Millwood). 2017 Jun 1;36(6):1119-1128.

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of April. The selections feature topics ranging from the effect of a shortage of baclle Calmette-Guérin (BCG) on treatment costs for bladder cancer, to a comparison of regulatory review of new therapeutic agents by the FDA and the EMA, to the impact of CVS pharmacy’s discontinuance of tobacco sales on cigarette purchasing. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Davies BJ, Hwang TJ, Kesselheim AS. Ensuring Access to Injectable Generic Drugs – The Case of Intravesical BCG for Bladder Cancer. N Engl J Med. 2017;376(15):1401-3.
  2. Downing NS, Zhang AD, Ross JS. Regulatory Review of New Therapeutic Agents – FDA versus EMA, 2011-2015. N Engl J Med. 2017;376(14):1386-7.
  3. Fralick M, Kesselheim AS. FDA Approval of Desmopressin for Nocturia. JAMA. 2017 Apr 6. [Epub ahead of print]
  4. Gyawali B, Prasad V. Drugs that Lack Single-Agent Activity: Are They Worth Pursuing in Combination? Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2017;14(4):193-4.
  5. Polinski JM, Howell B, Gagnon MA, Kymes SM, Brennan TA, Shrank WH. Impact of CVS Pharmacy’s Discontinuance of Tobacco Sales on Cigarette Purchasing (2012-2014). Am J Public Health. 2017;107(4):556-62.
  6. Sharfstein J. Déjà Vu at the FDA. Milbank Q. 2017 Apr 4. [Epub ahead of print]

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of March. The selections feature topics ranging from a warning about shortcuts in drug development, to the association between direct-to-consumer advertising and testosterone testing and initiation in the United States, to the origins of and solutions to the high price of anticancer drugs. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Bouvy JC, Blake K, Slattery J, De Bruin ML, Arlett P, Kurz X. Registries in European post-marketing surveillance: a retrospective analysis of centrally approved products, 2005-2013. Pharmacoepidemiol Drug Saf. 2017 Mar 26. [Epub ahead of print]
  2. Califf RM. Warning About Shortcuts in Drug Development. J Am Heart Assoc. 2017 Mar 21;6(3). pii: e005737.
  3. Hey SP, Kesselheim AS. Reprioritizing Research Activity for the Post-Antibiotic Era: Ethical, Legal, and Social Considerations. Hastings Cent Rep. 2017;47(2):16-20.
  4. Layton JB, Kim Y, Alexander GC, Emery SL. Association Between Direct-to-Consumer Advertising and Testosterone Testing and Initiation in the United States, 2009-2013. JAMA 2017;317(11):1159-1166.
  5. Luo J, Kesselheim AS, Avorn J. Medicaid Expenditures and Estimated Rebates for Epinephrine Autoinjectors, 2012 to 2016. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 Mar 27. [Epub ahead of print]
  6. Prasad V, Jesús K, Mailankody S. The high price of anticancer drugs: origins, implications, barriers, solutions. Nat Rev Clin Oncol. 2017 Mar 14. [Epub ahead of print]

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of February. The selections feature topics ranging from the effect of reminder devices on medication adherence, to the relationship between industry sponsorship and research outcomes, to the contribution of industry funded post-marketing studies to drug safety. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Choudhry NK, Krumme AA, Ercole PM, Girdish C, Tong AY, Khan NF, Brennan TA, Matlin OS, Shrank WH, Franklin JM. Effect of Reminder Devices on Medication Adherence: The REMIND Randomized Clinical Trial. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 Feb 27. [Epub ahead of print]
  2. Gagne JJ, Polinski JM, Jiang W, Dutcher SK, Xie J, Lii J, Fulchino LA, Kesselheim AS. Outcomes Associated with Generic Drugs Approved Using Product-Specific Determinations of Therapeutic Equivalence. Drugs. 2017 Feb 8. [Epub ahead of print]
  3. Larochelle M, Downing NS, Ross JS, David FS. Assessing the potential clinical impact of reciprocal drug approval legislation on access to novel therapeutics in the USA: a cohort study. BMJ Open. 2017;7(2):e014582.
  4. Lundh A, Lexchin J, Mintzes B, Schroll JB, Bero L. Industry sponsorship and research outcome. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2017 Feb 16;2:MR000033. [Epub ahead of print]
  5. Luo J, Kesselheim AS, Greene J, Lipska KJ. Strategies to improve the affordability of insulin in the USA. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2017;5(3):158-159.
  6. Sherman RE, Davies KM, Robb MA, Hunter NL, Califf RM. Accelerating development of scientific evidence for medical products within the existing US regulatory framework. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2017 Feb 24. [Epub ahead of print]
  7. Spelsberg A, Prugger C, Doshi P, Ostrowski K, Witte T, Hüsgen  D, Keil U. Working Group on Health and Working Group on Freedom of Information, Transparency International Deutschland eV. Contribution of industry funded post-marketing studies to drug safety: survey of notifications submitted to regulatory agencies. BMJ. 2017;356:j337.
  8. Wong J, Motulsky A, Abrahamowicz M, Eguale T, Buckeridge DL, Tamblyn R. Off-label indications for antidepressants in primary care: descriptive study of prescriptions from an indication based electronic prescribing system. BMJ. 2017;356:j603.

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of January. The selections feature topics ranging from pharmacist-industry relationships, to returns from six-month market exclusivity extensions, to financial conflicts of interest among patient advocacy organizations. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Ahn R, Woodbridge A, Abraham A, Saba S, Korenstein D, Madden E, Boscardin WJ, Keyhani S. Financial ties of principal investigators and randomized controlled trial outcomes: cross sectional study. BMJ. 2017;356:i6770.
  2. Califf RM. Benefit-Risk Assessments at the US Food and Drug Administration: Finding the Balance. JAMA. 2017 Jan 20. [Epub ahead of print]
  3. Hakim A, Ross JS. High Prices for Drugs With Generic Alternatives: The Curious Case of Duexis. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 Jan 23. [Epub ahead of print]
  4. Kesselheim AS, Rome BN, Sarpatwari A, Avorn J. Six-Month Market Exclusivity Extensions To Promote Research Offer Substantial Returns For Many Drug Makers. Health Aff (Millwood). 2017 Jan 18. [Epub ahead of print]
  5. Kesselheim AS, Treasure CL, Joffe S. Biomarker-Defined Subsets of Common Diseases: Policy and Economic Implications of Orphan Drug Act Coverage. PLoS Med. 2017;14(1):e1002190.
  6. Rose SL, Highland J, Karafa MT, Joffe S. Patient Advocacy Organizations, Industry Funding, and Conflicts of Interest. JAMA Intern Med. 2017 Jan 17. [Epub ahead of print]
  7. Saavedra K, O’Connor B, Fugh-Berman A. Pharmacist-industry relationships. Int J Pharm Pract. 2017 Jan 18. [Epub ahead of print]

PFC Spotlight Series: Faculty Affiliate Ameet Sarpatwari

Learn more about the Petrie-Flom Center’s work through our Spotlight Series, which features interviews with Student and Academic Fellow alumni, as well as current Faculty Affiliates.

sarpatwari_peopleThis week’s post features Ameet Sarpatwari, J.D., Ph.D., who is an Instructor in Medicine at Harvard Medical School, an Associate Epidemiologist at Brigham and Women’s Hospital, and Assistant Director of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL). His research draws upon his interdisciplinary training as an epidemiologist and lawyer and focuses on the effects of laws and regulations on therapeutic development, approval, use, and related public health outcomes.

Read the article to learn more about his contributions to the Center and its mission!

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of December. The selections feature topics ranging from the rising price of the opioid reversal agent naloxone, to the interpretation of surrogate endpoints in the era of the 21st Century Cures Act, to a comparative assessment of pharmaceutical licensing and reimbursement in the European Union, United States, and Japan. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Califf RM, Robb MA, Bindman AB, Briggs JP, Collins FS, Conway PH, et al. Transforming Evidence Generation to Support Health and Health Care Decisions. N Engl J Med. 2016;375(24):2395-2400.
  2. Gupta R, Shah ND, Ross JS. The Rising Price of Naloxone – Risks to Efforts to Stem Overdose Deaths. N Engl J Med. 2016;375(23):2213-2215.
  3. Oye KA, Eichler HG, Hoos A, Mori Y, Mullin TM, Pearson M. Pharmaceuticals Licensing and Reimbursement in the European Union, United States, and Japan. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2016;100(6):626-632.
  4. Knopf K, Baum M, Shimp WS, Bennett CL, Faith D, Fishman ML, Hrushesky WJ. Interpretation of surrogate endpoints in the era of the 21st Century Cures Act. BMJ. 2016;355:i6286.
  5. Robertson C, Kesselheim AS. Regulating Off-Label Promotion – A Critical Test. N Engl J Med. 2016;375(24):2313-2315.
  6. Sinha MS, Kesselheim AS. Regulatory Incentives for Antibiotic Drug Development: A Review of Recent Proposals. Bioorg Med Chem. 2016;24(24):6446-6451.
  7. Wolf MS, Davis TC, Curtis LM, Bailey SC, Knox JP, Bergeron A, Abbet M, Shrank WH, Parker RM, Wood AJ. A Patient-Centered Prescription Drug Label to Promote Appropriate Medication Use and Adherence. J Gen Intern Med. 2016;31(12):1482-1489.

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of November. The selections feature topics ranging from industry funding of cancer patient advocacy organizations, to the shared responsibility between the FDA and CMS, to active surveillance of follow-on biologics. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Abola MV, Prasad V. Industry Funding of Cancer Patient Advocacy Organizations. Mayo Clin Proc. 2016;91(11):1668-1670.
  2. Bauer SR, Redberg RF. Improving the Accelerated Pathway to Cancer Drug Approvals. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 Nov. [Epub ahead of print]
  3. Califf RM, Sherman RE, Slavitt A. Knowing When and How to Use Medical Products: A Shared Responsibility for the FDA and CMS. JAMA. 2016 Nov 29. [Epub ahead of print]
  4. Robertson C, Kesselheim AS. Regulating Off-Label Promotion – A Critical Test. N Engl J Med. 2016 Nov 2. [Epub ahead of print]
  5. Sarpatwari A, Gagne JJ, Levidow NL, Kesselheim AS. Active Surveillance of Follow-on Biologics: A Prescription for Uptake. Drug Saf. 2016 Nov 12. [Epub ahead of print]
  6. Xu J, Gill R, Cruz M, Staffa J, Lurie P. Effect of US Food and Drug Administration-Approved Pediatric Labeling on Dispensing of Extended-Release Oxycodone in the Outpatient Retail Setting. JAMA Pediatr. 2016;170(11):1103-1104.

Monthly Round-Up of What to Read on Pharma Law and Policy

By Ameet Sarpatwari and Aaron S. Kesselheim

Each month, members of the Program On Regulation, Therapeutics, And Law (PORTAL) review the peer-reviewed medical literature to identify interesting empirical studies, policy analyses, and editorials on health law and policy issues relevant to current or potential future work in the Division.

Below are the abstracts/summaries for papers identified from the month of October. The selections feature topics ranging from the failure of investigational drugs in late-stage clinical development, to the impact of Medicaid expansion on health care utilization, to impact of a bundled Medicare reimbursement policy on major adverse cardiovascular events among dialysis recipients. A full posting of abstracts/summaries of these articles may be found on our website.

  1. Dafny LS, Ody CJ, Schmitt MA. Undermining Value-Based Purchasing – Lessons from the Pharmaceutical Industry. N Engl J Med. 2016 Oct. [Epub ahead of print]
  2. Doshi P. Is this trial misreported? Truth seeking in the burgeoning age of trial transparency. 2016;355:i5543.
  3. Hwang TJ, Carpenter D, Lauffenburger JC, Wang B, Franklin JM, Kesselheim AS. Failure of Investigational Drugs in Late-Stage Clinical Development and Publication of Trial Results. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 Oct. [Epub ahead of print]
  4. Kesselheim AS, Avorn J. Approving a Problematic Muscular Dystrophy Drug: Implications for FDA Policy. 2016 Oct. [Epub ahead of print]
  5. Sommers BD, Blendon RJ, Orav EJ, Epstein AM. Changes in Utilization and Health Among Low-Income Adults After Medicaid Expansion or Expanded Private Insurance. JAMA Intern Med. 2016;176(10):1501-9.
  6. Tominaga T, Miyazaki S, Oniyama Y, Weber AD, Kondo T. The Japanese Postmarketing Adverse Event Relief System: A confluence of regulatory science, the legal system, and clinical pharmacology. Clin Pharmacol Ther. 2016 Oct. [Epub ahead of print]
  7. Wang C, Kane R, Levenson M, Kelman J, Wernecke M, Lee JY, Kozlowski S, Dekmezian C, Zhang Z, Thompson A, Smith K, Wu YT, Wei Y, Chillarige Y, Ryan Q, Worrall C, MaCurdy TE, Graham DJ. Association Between Changes in CMS Reimbursement Policy and Drug Labels for Erythrocyte-Stimulating Agents With Outcomes for Older Patients Undergoing Hemodialysis Covered by Fee-for-Service Medicare. JAMA Intern Med. 2016 Oct. [Epub ahead of print]