Avalokitesvara in Yunnan (bibliography)

Helen B. Chapin, (revised by Alexander C. Soper). “A Long Roll of Buddhist Images,” Artibus Asiae, vol. 32 (1971), 4-41, 157-99, 259-306, vol. 33 (1971), 75-140; Supplement-Band, Ascona 1971.

Helen B. Chapin, “Yunnanese Images of Avalokitesvara.” Harvard Journal of Asiatic Studies, vol. 8 (1944), 131-186.

Nandana Chutiwongs, The Iconography of Avalokitesvara in Mainland South East Asia. (EJ Brill: Leiden, 1984).

Thomas Cleary, The Buddha Scroll (Shambhala, 2002).

John Guy, ‘The Avalokitesvara of Yunnan and some South East Asian Connections’, in Rosemary Scott & John Guy (ed.) South East Asia & China: Art Interaction & Commerce, Colloquies on Art & Archaeology in Asia No. 17, Percival David Fdn of Chinese Art, London, 1995, pp. 64-83.

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Catholic patriarchs unhurt

In the Catholic ecclesiastical hierarchy, there are four patriarchs besides the patriarch of Rome or the West (i.e., the Pope).  These are the patriarchs of Jerusalem, Lisbon, Venice, and the East Indies (i.e., Goa).  These titles don’t have any special distinction anymore except for the right to march at the head of papal processions.  So in the recent attack on Pope Benedict I thought patriarchs might also have been injured.  But that wasn’t the case; instead, the French Cardinal Etxegaray, part of the curia, was taken to a hospital with a broken hip and leg.