Egypt’s Beautiful Pyramids

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During a time when Egypt was one of the most powerful and richest civilizations in the world, the magnificent pyramids of Egypt were built. Especially Giza’s incredible pyramids are some of history’s most beautiful man-made structures. Their enormous scale represents the unique role played in ancient Egyptian culture by the king or pharaoh.

The ancient Egyptians believed he became the king of the dead, Osiris, when a pharaoh died. They thought it was necessary to look after his spirit or soul, which remained with the body, for the dead pharaoh to perform his duties as Osiris.

You’ll read all you need to know about Egypt’s magnificent pyramids in the below. They are one of Earth’s most spectacular views, and the world’s only exceptional wonder.

 

How many pyramids are there in Egypt? How were they constructed?

Most probably there are 138 remaining Egyptian pyramids, the most well-known being the Great Pyramid of Giza, near Cairo. The Great Pyramid of 455 ft is the only remaining momentous out of the Prehistoric World’s Seven Wonders.

While there may be participation of several conspiracy theorists suggesting aliens, archaeologist and scientists are not persuaded. They say that laboratories used sledges to move blocks around and a network of cranes to carry them up the slopes of the pyramid. Water would be used to graze the blocks of stone as they were dragged along the sand before being moved to the slopes.

Nevertheless, how the incredibly sophisticated buildings were designed is still unclear, and on various details most historians still reject it.

 

When were the Egyptian Pyramids built?

Egypt’s long-time known pyramids are located on the burial ground of Saqqara, northwest of Memphis. Between them, Djoser’s Pyramid was the first to be constructed after 19 years of structural work, having been completed in 2611 BC. The construction of the pyramid peaked about 2300 BC, with the final pyramid being built around 1550–1292 BC at some point.

 

Who built the pyramids of Egypt?

For the pharaohs who reigned over ancient Egypt, the bulk of the pyramids were built as graves. We served as Egypt’s old sovereigns’ last resting places, who showed off their position in life by being buried in death in massive pyramid graves.

 

What was discovered by experts in the Great Pyramid of Giza?

There was an article published in Nature Magazine, it was discovered that since the 19th century, researchers have made the most remarkable find in Giza’s Great Pyramid. They uncovered an overlooked 30-meter chamber overlooking the Grand Gallery, deep within the awe-inspiring building. The explanation for the drastic gap remains unclear, and it does not seem to be linked to other tunnels, which left scientists scratching their heads.

Boffins made the discovery using “cosmic-ray imaging,” which includes recording the behavior of subatomic elements called muons formed when cosmic rays blow into the atmosphere of the Earth.

You can click over on the New Look Bingo website if you want to know how it feels within a pyramid. But why is this website? That’s because the page consists of a series of online slots thematic pyramids like Pyramid Search for Immortality slot, etc. This game makes you feel like you’re really in a pyramid, and you’ll find out more about Egypt’s cultures as well! you can book your Nile Cruise and your Egypt Vacation Package with Luxor and Aswan Travel.

Discover 7 Egyptian Treasures

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When it comes to travel to Egypt there is no one who is not thrilled to know this mystical and utterly charming universe.

But if you are on a scheduled trip or plan to travel to the land of the pharaohs in the coming years and do not know what to do this article will solve your problems.

Here we list the 7 main treasures of this amazing place that you can not even think of missing out on your next Cairo, Luxor & Hurghada Tour .

So let’s get down to business, tips on places to visit:

1- Pyramids of Giza

Impossible to talk about Egypt and not talk about the most traditional place of postcards there, right? The oldest of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World, and the only one still standing, is a separate spectacle in both history and beauty. They are located in the Giza complex, very close to Cairo and there are 3 pyramids in total, the Cheops, Chefren and Miquerinos.

2- Saqqara

This is undoubtedly another treasure of Egypt, the oldest pyramid in the whole world is the Saqqara pyramid. About 4,700 years old, it is located in the city of the same name, in the Memphis City necropolis and about 33 kilometers from Cairo, which is easily accessible and certainly worth a visit.

3- Library of Alexandria

Sure you have met Alexandria through history books and lessons but seeing this place so closely will surprise you. The Alexandria Library was, in its original version, destroyed by several fires and what we have today is a reconstruction completed in the year 2002 in a place very close to where it was. The space is extremely large and has the largest collection of books in the entire African continent, as well as several exhibition spaces and even a museum.

4- Valley of the Kings

For those who do not know this is one of the most accurate treasures of Egypt. The Valley is a complex of tombs built in the mountains for the pharaohs and nobles of the Egyptian Empire. It was there that Tutakhamon’s tomb was discovered with all the treasures with which he had been buried and then fame spread all over the world. A truly indescribable beauty and immensity.

5- Karnak Temple

This is one of those places you can’t miss! The Temple is about 700 kilometers from Cairo, in the city of Luxor, and is one of the largest temple complexes in the world. To give you an idea, it took about 2000 years to build, that is a lot for you to visit and enjoy. The temple was built in honor of the god Amon-Ra and therefore has several inscriptions on the walls that intrigue scholars to this day.

6- Luxor Temple

The Luxor Temple is the only monument in the world that contains documents from Pharaonic, Greco-Roman, Coptic and Islamic times, it is really living history that you can access quite easily. Its construction was started by Pharaoh Amenhotep III and completed years later by Ramses II. So if you like the history of Egypt and the world at large, this should be your first stopping point on your trip to Egypt.

7- Hatshepsut Temple

The Temple named after Queen Hatshepsut is a mortuary temple of ancient Egypt. It is located in the city of Luxor, was designed by royal architect Senenmut and built for the Eighteenth Dynasty Pharaoh – Queen Hatshepsut. And for those who are curious, this all-different name of the queen means nothing less than principal of noble women, or even first among noble women, rightly equal to the Queen.

These were our tips on the main treasures of Egypt that you should know on your next trip. Of course, there are plenty of other amazing places to know on this land, but this list of 7 makes your life even easier when researching Egypt tours.

Cairo, Nile Cruise and Desert Tours in Egypt

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Cairo, Nile Cruise and Desert Tours in Egypt

Day 01: Arrive in the mesmerizing Kingdom of Egypt

You’ll never walk alone! One of our tour managers will meet you when you arrive at the Cairo International Airport, and take you to your hotel.

Once you’ve checked in, they will discuss your itinerary with you and then offer you a free “Welcome” drink before they leave you to enjoy the remainder of the day as you wish.  Spend your first night in the wonderful luxury of a 5-Star hotel.

Day 02: Visit the Giza Pyramids & Egyptian Museum

After enjoying breakfast, you will check out of your hotel and take a trip to the Giza Pyramids of Cheops, Chefren and Mykerinus. You will also visit the Great Sphinx and the Valley Temple.

Next on the list is the Egyptian Museum, where you view as many as 120,000 pharaonic artifacts, including some real mummies (ticket for the mummies room is optional).

Continue on to Coptic Cairo to visit the Hanging Church; the Ben Ezra Synagogue, and end your day souvenir shopping in the historic Khan El Khalili Bazaar.

Finally, you will head to the Giza train station, where you will board a very comfortable sleeper train to Aswan.

Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Day 03: Free Day in Aswan or Abu Simbel (optional)

You will be met at Aswan station and then transferred to your hotel.

You have the option to enjoy a tour to one of Egypt’s top tourist attractions, the Temples of Abu Simbel. These temples were originally carved out of the mountainside during the reign of Pharaoh Ramesses II in the 13th century BC, as a lasting monument to himself and his queen, Nefertari. Overnight in Aswan.

Meals included: Breakfast

Day 04: Explore Aswan’s Attractions

After enjoying breakfast, you will travel aboard an air-conditioned vehicle to board your luxury Nile cruise.

You will enjoy lunch on the boat, and then you will visit the Aswan High Dam, the famed Unfinished Obelisk and the incredible Philae Temple. You will enjoy dinner and spend the night in Aswan.

Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Day 05: Visit Kom Ombo, Edfu & Esna

You will enjoy breakfast aboard the ship and then set sail for Kom Ombo, where you will visit the Kom Ombo Temple.

You will enjoy lunch on the ship, and then set sail for Edfu, where you will visit the Temple of Horus. The trip to Esna is accompanied by afternoon tea. You will stay aboard ship in Esna for the night.

Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Day 06: Luxor West and East Bank adventure

After breakfast on the cruise ship, you will set sail for Luxor, where you will experience a tour of the West Bank, taking an excursion to the royal cemetery for 62 Pharaohs, Valley of the Kings.

Next you will visit the mortuary temple of Queen Hatshepsut, which was built by the architects of the New Kingdom Pharaoh Hatshepsut in the 15th century BC, at El-Deir El-Bahari. Furthermore you will enjoy a brief stop at the Colossi of Memnon.

On the East Bank of the Nile in Luxor you will explore the Karnak Temples, as well as the Luxor Temple. You will spend the night and enjoy dinner aboard the cruise ship once more.

Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Day 07: Visit and camp at the Oasis of Baris

You will rise early, enjoy breakfast, disembark from your Nile cruise and cross the Nile to board a 4×4 vehicle, complete with Bedouin guides for the trip to Oasis of Baris. You will camp under the stars for the night.

Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Day 08: Explore Kharga and Dakhla oases

After breakfast, you will drive to Al Kharga, a famed oasis town, producing dates, cereals and vegetables. Here, you will see the Temple of Hibis, built in the Roman period.

You will also be able to visit the Al Bagawat Christian burial grounds, which date from the 7th century. You will end your day in Dakhla, in a traditional reed hut.

Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Day 09: Camel Trek at Dakhla Oasis

Enjoy a traditional breakfast in the Dakhla Oasis, and then enjoy the medieval mud brick town of Al Qasr, which features a unique school, as well as an olive press and a granary.

You will visit the Ethnological Museum and natural hot springs for a bit of rest and relaxation.

Lunch will be taken in Dakhla, and you will set off after the heat of the day aboard camels, bound for the Great Escarpment, where you will enjoy dinner and camp for the night.

Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Day 10: Discover Farafra oasis and the White Desert

You will head north of Dakhla to Farafra Oasis, where you can explore the Badr Museum and explore the sulfur springs.

Later that day, you will enter the White Desert, where you can enjoy a sunset walk and camping in the desert. Warm clothing is recommended for this trip during the months of October through March.

Meals included: Breakfast, Lunch and Dinner

Day 11: Bahariya oasis sightseeing and back to Cairo

You will stop in Bahariya Oasis on your return trip to visit the astonishing Crystal Mountain and the Black Desert before heading back to Cairo where you will be spending the last night of your tour.

Meals included: Breakfast and Lunch

Day 12: Bid the Pharaohs farewell

All dreams end, and today is unfortunately the end of what was once also just a dream.

After you have enjoyed breakfast at your hotel, your tour manager and a driver will arrive and take you to Cairo International Airport in the comfort of an air conditioned company car for your departing flight back home.

They will assist you with your luggage; they’ll help you with check-in, and then it will be time to say goodbye. Have a safe journey home.

Meals included: Breakfast

Tips when Travelling to Egypt and Useful Information

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Are you thinking about going to Egypt? Here, you will find relevant information to make the most out of your visit and guarantee a smooth stay in the country. Even better, you will know what to do with customs and how to avoid challenges during your stay.

What Are the Vaccinations Required for a Trip to Egypt?

You need to consult your local health practitioner before visiting Egypt to make sure you have all the necessary vaccinations before the trip. Some of the recommended vaccinations before the trip include Hepatitis A. Diptheria, Tetanus, Rabies and Typhoid vaccines are highly recommended.

Can You Drink Tap Water While in Egypt?

You can actually take tap water in Egypt but it is highly chlorinated. Therefore, you are advised not to drink it because it’s likely going to cause stomach upsets. You can find bottled mineral water in shops, hostels and restaurants at a very affordable rate. However, you can use the tap water to brush your teeth and shower without any issues.

What Type of Food Should I Expect in Egypt?

Egyptian cuisine is something to marvel it since it has grilled meats, fish, vegetables and much more. It’s appealing to a lot of people but if you want to avoid stomach upsets in the new area, you should take a few precautions. For instance, the tap water is highly chlorinated so you should avoid taking salads unless you are eating in the top tier restaurants, cruise boats or hotels. Make sure you eat hot food to make sure it’s well-cooked. Don’t take any food that looks like it’s been around for a while.

Is Bargaining Very Common in Egypt?

Haggling and bargaining is a very integral part of shopping in any markets and bazaars found in Egypt. Most vendors often inflate their prices so there is an exchange of numbers back and forth until both parties agree on a price. If you are buying anything you need to mention a very low price and work upwards but have a maximum amount in your mind.

What to Buy When in Egypt

Imagine Egypt as an Alladin’s cave. While in Cairo, you can visit the famous Khan al-Khalili bazaar to get unusual and everyday objects. You can also check bazaars and smaller souks to see what’s available. Don’t forget to check other towns too. Some of the top things you can purchase include brass wear, cotton shirts, mosaic lamps, leatherwear, mirrors, handcrafted sheesha pipes, backgammon boards and much more. You will always have something to bring back to your people at home.

Cultural Hints and Etiquette in Egypt

Women need to check what they wear when in Egypt. Men should also wear trousers and keep their shoulders covered to keep in line with the local dressing customs. Shorts are only acceptable when you are near the beach resorts but most people ignore this rule. If visiting a mosque you should be completely covered and women need to wear a headscarf. Before entering the mosque, you should remove your shoes.

Can We Go to Egypt as a Family?

Yes, Egypt is an ideal destination to visit with your family. You can check out the tombs, temples, pyramids and much more. The country is rich with history and architectural wonders. There are also other exciting experiences such as Nile cruise and stay, camel rides, felucca boat trips and much more.

What Currency is Used in Egypt?

Egyptians use the Egyptian Pound (LE) as the main currency. It is divided into piastres. Banknotes usually come in denominations of 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5.

What’s the Cost of Things in Egypt?

You should be prepared for the competitive prices for most items in Egypt. In 2015, the country was ranked the cheapest country in the world for international visitors based on the hotel prices, purchasing power parity and taxes. Dining and wining out are a bit more comparative but you should expect to pay about $10 for an affordable meal while the top tier restaurants cost about $30.
Enjoy your trip to Egypt!

Things To Do In Egypt

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Egypt is not only famous for its rich history and culture but also for some of the greatest tourist destinations in the world. Some sites in Egypt are still a mystery to the scientists in the world.

If you are planning to book Egypt tour package in coming vacation then this post will be of interest to you. You will find the best five things that you should do in Egypt.

When we think about Egypt then the first thing that comes to our mind is the ‘Pyramids’. Yes, you must have seen different sizes of pyramids or souvenir of Egypt that is available in different countries.

Along with pyramids and the tomb of King Tutankhamen as well as the Ras Mohammed National Park there are several other places in Egypt that will win your heart. Most importantly there are few unique things that you can only do in Egypt.

Resource:

Top 5 Things To Do In Egypt

Cruise the Nile on Board Luxury Nile River Cruise

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What’s it like to take a luxury nile river cruise? Before now, i wouldn’t have been in a position to tell you – i’m now not precisely what you’d call an extravagant traveler. The longest quantity of time i’ve ever spent in a five-megastar motel was when I met a colleague for espresso within the lobby of the ritz carlton. My personal travel ritual starts with yanking my hiking boots out of the closet and knocking the mud off their soles. I suppose simply getting showered counts as a high-priced journey revel in. Luxurious egypt tours aren’t precisely in my ballpark.

However after I had an possibility to head on a 5-star nile river cruise, i knew i couldn’t skip it up. There’s sincerely no purpose now not to explore the surreal temples of historic egypt while crusing down the nile, unless you without a doubt aren’t impressed via the grandeur of some of mankind’s finest ancient achievements – or in case you hate fun, perhaps. When you consider that neither of these statements applies to me, i thankfully packed a bag and boarded a flight to aswan, a small, colourful metropolis inside the south of egypt. A bit over an hour after departing cairo, the aircraft touched down in aswan. I used to be demanding approximately finding the Luxor and Aswan Travel excursions consultant who’d come to pick me up, however i soon determined that i needn’t have worried. The airport turned into a shoebox. Some feet faraway from my arrival gate had been the baggage declare, our guide and the go out. After assembly and greeting some strangers who have been in my small institution of tourists, we boarded a van and drove off to meet our cruise ship.

I checked out the view as we drove out to the ship docked on the riverbank. The structure in aswan is classic nubian style, with airy, open arches, domed ceilings, and brightly painted information in geometric styles. I would see quite a few the equal tucked between arms and open fields over the following couple of days as we sailed up the nile. The cruise deliver became the polar opposite in fashion. The nile cruise became a gleaming white leviathan bedecked with modern fixtures pieces in earthy tones. My cabin had a comparable modern sense, with inviting hues, minimalist information and a lavatory that changed into actually nicer than the one i had at home. The window stretched from ground to ceiling and the view was, in a word, wonderful.

My tour institution became a small accumulating of ten. Most people didn’t recognize each different, however over the following couple of days we’d turn out to be a close-knit institution of pals who continuously giggled like teenagers. After checking in and eating lunch, we left the ship for our first tour collectively. Our guide, mohamed, changed into an egyptian man in his early 1930s with an clean demeanor and perfect english. As we drove up to the high dam and lake nasser, mohamed gave us a present day egyptian records lesson that changed into as charming because it was informative, punctuated via the occasional wry joke. Our subsequent forestall turned into the northern granite quarry. Heaps of years ago, stone became excavated from this website online and transported all of the manner upriver to cairo. The solar beat down on us as we hit mid-afternoon. It become a hundred and twenty°f, but the dry air made the warmth greater tolerable than any of us have been waiting for.

Overdue afternoon got here and we boarded a small motorboat and set out for philae temple, on a small island nestled among rocky shoreline and dense flowers. The nile water become crisp and clean. Collective gasps of awe were issued as we approached the temple, a splendid stone complicated that particularly dates lower back to the ptolemaic nation within the third century b.C.E. A sleek colonnade marked the principle temple front. The beauty of philae temple is something that truely ought to be visible to be understood. We had dinner lower back on board the deliver, which became a fantastically scrumptious mixture of egyptian and global fare. “i’m able to’t agree with i can clearly devour right here,” said the vegan sitting next to me. Over the next few days, the staff took obvious pride in the uncommon task (for egypt, as a minimum) of getting ready custom vegan food for her.

The second one day of the cruise was a blur. I awakened to the gentle movement of the cruise crusing north. I had my breakfast with the aid of the window, wherein i could admire the serene view of passing arms and fertile farmland. We reached kom ombo and de-boarded for a excursion of the temple, an uncommon structure divided in for dedication to 2 gods, sobek and horus the elder. The first-rate a part of this experience changed into the crocodile museum, which changed into fitting, for the reason that sobek turned into a crocodile-headed god. I didn’t visit upper egypt for the crocodile mummies, however i’ll sincerely go back to higher egypt for the crocodile mummies.

Mohamed gave us a lesson in bargaining with the nearby dealers, and it paid off; all of us negotiated for ourselves and ended up with egyptian clothing and souvenirs at honest charges. We spent the rest of the day at the sun deck gambling in the pool and enjoying the view as we sailed to edfu. That night we organized excitedly for an egyptian dance celebration and donned our newly-bought galabayas. Egyptians and overseas site visitors alike amassed inside the lengthy, decorated gowns and danced to nearby shaabi tune. If we appeared silly, no one troubled to inform us.

We wakened in edfu. Horus temple (temple of edfu) is without problems the nice vicinity i’ve been in egypt. Its partitions had been buried in sand until 1860, which contributed to the stellar protection of the paint internal. The statues, art work, even the structure itself are a tribute to horus and his great birdly visage. Left to discover freely inside its hallowed halls, i marveled at its precise paintings and slim corridors. Back within the day, it was a sacred region in which only priests could enter. I ought to infrequently believe my success that i was without a doubt allowed in, peasant that i’m. After reluctantly being dragged out of the temple, i joined my institution and we sailed north to luxor, a metropolis so archaeologically rich that it’s essentially an open-air museum.

Until you have got a habit of wandering around ancient temples (i don’t), nothing can prepare you for the emotional gravity of getting into karnak temple. Its towering the front gate and walls are enforcing. Internal, a field of painted, engraved columns stretches closer to the sky. Your eyes can’t assist but be drawn upward. The ceiling is long past now, however the large lotus and papyrus-shaped columns still maintain up a weighty feel of spiritual significance. This vicinity is large. Pharaohs once walked right here, i considered thoughtfully as i wandered around.

It’s miles stated that in case you circle the scarab statue in karnak temple three instances, your desire might be granted. I teamed up with a friend from my institution and paced around the limestone beetle. Make this journey ultimate longer, i silently wanted. Luxurious travel changed into surely a long way greater fun than a country backpacker like myself had given it credit for.

The final morning of our nile cruise dawned warm and vibrant. We got up and had breakfast early – we’d go to the valley of the kings these days and desired to beat the summer season warmness. A valley of craggy peaks and crumbly pink rocks conceals the royal tombs of extra than 60 pharaohs, inclusive of queen hatshepsut, celebrated female hero of historic egypt. Mohamed offered us all tickets to explore three tombs. Even as some of us elected to visit the final resting region of the boy king tutankhamun, i selected the tomb of pharaoh merneptah, son of ramses ii. The descent into merneptah’s tomb turned into steep and slender, the air heavy and still. The final resting place of his sarcophagus had been carved deep into the mountain, underneath an indigo ceiling painted with starry skies.

Our closing location to visit became the mortuary temple of queen hatshepsut, famous for not only reigning over egypt as a woman, but arguably doing it better than any of her male predecessors. Mohamed gave us a history lesson packed with data and details interspersed with spiritual and philosophical commentary. His admire for hatshepsut was obvious, and his memories made her temple come to existence. I took a couple of minutes to climb the stairs to the top stage and changed into rewarded with the aid of a view of the orange hills and deep inexperienced fields that took my breath away (this will additionally were because of the steps). Upper egypt is so phenomenally beautiful, it’s hard now not be jealous of the individuals who live there and get to peer it each day.

My new buddies and i were all dropped off on the luxor airport for departure to cairo. Every body regarded lively and refreshed. Anybody were greater than satisfied by way of the tours and sightseeing, but we appreciated it a lot we have been all left wanting a little greater. I don’t suppose every body was geared up to go away their 5-big name floating motel.

Would i do a luxury cruise once more? Surely. I suppose i ought to have enjoyed the experience from any antique lodge, however gradually sailing up the nile has to be one of the quality methods to explore top egypt. Every night time was a time for quiet stargazing whilst paying attention to waves lapping lightly against the ship! Every morning i opened my window to a glorious view of the solar growing over sparkling waters. And sincerely, it felt first-class to be dealt with like a prince for a few days. I was surprised with the aid of how a lot i liked it. I’m not geared up to throw out my trekking boots, but i’m equipped to give “fancy travel” any other pass.

Planning a Trip to Egypt

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Egypt, and especially the Nile Valley, has so many wonderful sights to see it would be impossible to do everything on one short trip to Egypt. A first visit to Cairo will almost inevitably mean you will wish to see the Pyramids of Giza, the Sphinx and the Egyptian Museum, while a visit to Luxor would not be complete without going to the Karnak Temples, the Luxor Temple and of course, the fabulous Valley of the Kings.

Many people will choose a holiday in Egypt featuring several destinations. For example, you may stay a day or two in Cairo, take the short 45-minute flight to Luxor for a few more days and then, maybe, board a cruise boat for a trip up the Nile to Aswan. There are flights from Aswan directly back to Cairo. Alternatively, a trip to the Nile Valley may be extended with a visit to an oasis in the Western Desert, to the Red Sea coast or to Sinai. We offer suggestions for the ‘must see’ sights and excursions in Egypt:

Alexandria and the North Coast

Alexandria is a great summer holiday destination. Be sure to visit Montazah Palace, once the summer home of the Egyptian royal family. It houses a museum and has a great view of the coastline and sea (Allow 2 hour). Visit the Graeco- Roman Museum, located in the heart of the city (Allow 2 hour) and the Qaitbay Citadel, built on the site of the Lighthouse of Alexandria, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World (Allow 1 to 2 hours to appreciate the atmosphere of the waterside and maybe have some lunch).

You can then head out to one of Alexandria’s archaeological sites, such as the Roman amphitheatre at Kom Al-Dekka, Pompey’s Pillar, the ancient catacombs at Kom el Shoqafa or the Al- Shatby Necropolis site. All are within easy reach and make great detours. Choose the ones you prefer, look them up on the map, and then allow good time to appreciate their ancient history (Allow 3 to 4 hours).

Finally, no visit to Alexandria would be complete without a visit to the Bibliotheca Alexandrina. It may be something you would wish to do on a first visit or a second, but you should allow plenty of time in your schedule to see the massive libraries, the art galleries, museums dedicated to antiquities, manuscripts and science, and its planetarium (Allow 1 day or 3 hours for a quick visit).

A pleasant excursion from Alexandria would be a visit to El-Alamein to visit the war museum that tells of the area’s role in the Second World War, and the Commonwealth War Cemetery or the Italian and German cemeteries (Allow 1 day).Rosetta, or Rashid, is another great excursion. Located around 60 kilometres east of Alexandria, it was where the Rosetta stone was discovered in 1799.

The stone was instrumental in deciphering the ancient Egyptian hieroglyphic style of writing. (Allow a half day).

Cairo and Giza

Cairo is a city where you would get a glimpse of its wonders in just a day or so.
Conversely, you could spend days in the Egyptian Museum alone. You may even wish to spend several weeks in the city to really explore its fabulous streets and sights. Top of the list will almost inevitably the Pyramids.

The Pyramids of Giza stands to the west of Central Cairo, as they have for centuries. The site is not far from those of the ancient cities of Memphis and Saqqara. The Pyramids, including the Great Pyramid built for pharaoh Cheops of the 4th dynasty, the slightly smaller Pyramid of Chrephren dated from around 2500 BC and the Pyramid of Mykerinos, plus several smaller ones for the kings’ families, are the last remaining Seven Wonders of the Ancient World.

You can go inside the Great Pyramid and Chephren’s Pyramid. From here it’s a short hop by vehicle to the Sphinx (Allow 3 hours in total). If you plan to visit the Solar Boat Museum that houses a full-size ancient Egyptian boat allow a bit extra time, say around a further half hour.

 

Don’t miss Saqqara and The Step Pyramid of Zoser.

 

Take time to explore Central Cairo. It has the Corniche el-Nil that runs alongside the Nile, which makes a pleasant morning walk. You can cross to Gezira Island and go up the Cairo Tower for a panoramic view of the city, or visit the 19th century Opera Square and Ataba square, or the Manial Palace (Allow 1 day). In the evening head for the new Opera House for a spot of classical music, opera, theatre or ballet.

The Egyptian Museum is home to one of the largest collection of ancient Egyptian antiquities in the world. You could spend a few hours here and see only a fraction of the 250,000 or so antique pieces on display, including the famous Tut Ankh Amum (Tutankhamun) collection of treasures. There are mummies and tombs, ancient architectural pieces, an embalming table and a replica of the Rosetta Stone in the foyer (Allow 2 hours to several days).

East of Central Cairo is the Islamic part of the city, where you will find the famous network of streets of the Khan el-Khalili.

It is the largest bazaar in the Middle East and one of the oldest markets in the world. You can buy everything from spices to gold, copper and silver pieces, fashions, leatherwear and traditional Egyptian musical instruments (Allow 1 to 2 hours).
Old Cairo has some of the most historic and important Christian buildings and churches in the city, including the Church of St Barbara, one of the largest in Egypt, the Church of St George and the oldest the Church of St Sergius. There’s also the enchantingBen Ezra Synagogue, the Amr Ibn al-As Mosque and the beautifulHanging Church, so called because it is built high on top of the old Roman fortress structure, the Babylon Fort. The Coptic Museumhas one of the finest collections of Coptic art in the world dating from Pharaonic times to Graeco-Roman and Islamic. The little alleyways of Coptic Cairo are a delight to explore (Allow 2 hours).

Don’t miss the El Fayoum oasis in the Western Desert, includingLake Qarun and some fine monuments, the remains of the Hawara Pyramid built by Amenemhat III.

Luxor

Luxor is, arguably, the finest outdoor museum in the world. Depending on your depth of fascination with ancient Egypt, you could spend hours, days or even weeks exploring its fabulous temples, visiting the Luxor Museum full of ancient antiquities and seeing the tombs of the Valley of the Kings.

The Karnak Temples is the largest ancient religious site in the world. Visitors can see the Precinct of Amun-Re, the only area open to the public. There are three other areas, the Precinct of Montu, the Precinct of Mut and the now dismantled building, the Temple of Amenhotep IV. It is a fabulous collection of ancient buildings and structures, columns, courtyards, statues including one of Ramses II with his wife Nefertari, pylons and obelisks, even a sacred lake. The entrance dromos is lined with a row of statues both sides, and is known as the Avenue of Rams. It is a ‘must’ (Allow 2 hours).

The Luxor Temple, located right on the corniche, and wonderful lit up at night, can be easily combined with a visit to the Karnak Temples. They lie along the same road within a short distance of each other.

Dating from the time of Amenhotep II and Ramses II, the temple has pylons, statues, columns and fabulous colonnades, one a hundred metres in length and built by Amenhotep III himself, courtyards and an obelisk. It is a twin. The other is erected in the Place de la Concorde in Paris. There are also some good examples of Roman stuccoes (Allow 2 hours).

Allow some time to visit the Mummification Museum on the corniche.

On display are a mummified human,crocodile and fish, plus tools used to remove bodies’ vital organs and drain fluids, embalming fluid, canopic jars and coffins (Allow 2 hour). Take time to explore the East Bank of Luxor too. See the Winter Palace Hotel where Agatha Christie is said to have penned her classic work ‘Death on the Nile’, the El-Mekashkesh Mosque and the great Coptic basilica next to Luxor Temple (Allow 2 hours).

The Valley of the Kings on the West Bank of Luxor at Thebes is easy to reach by a bridge a little way upstream. Allow about 30 minutes or so for the journey by vehicle and schedule in more time if you wish to take an excursion to the bank’s other main sights, the Madinet Habu Temple, the two huge statues known as the Colossi of Memnon, the funerary temple of Ramesseum and the Temple of Queen Hatshepsut at Deir El Bahari.

 

CRUSING ON THE NILE AND LAKE NASSER

A great way to relax and see the sights is to take a cruise along the Nile or a sail around Lake Nasser. From the decks of a felucca, a traditional wooden sailing boat, or a luxury boat you can see many temples along the way. On the shores of Lake Nasser, for example, there’s the wonderful sight of the Great Temples of Abu Simbel for Ramses II and the Small Temple of Abu Simbel for Nefertari, which date back to Pharaonic Egypt and the reign of Ramses II. They were moved in an UNESCO project to their present site when the Aswan Dam caused water levels to rise and they were in danger of being submerged under the water. They were, literally, carved out of the mountainside (Allow 2 to 3 hours). Motorboats take visitors on shorter trips too.

Luxor’s East Bank is the spot where most of the cruise ships leave for their trip to Aswan. The sight of the cruise ships or ornate steamers, many affording top notch luxury facilities, making their way upstream is a familiar sight. They have comfy air-conditioned guest suites, often complete with King-size beds, and gourmet restaurants and bars on board.
From Luxor, you will pass by the Valley of the Kings to Esna, on through Edfu and Kom Ombo where you will see the Temple of Sobek and Hareoeris, and on to Aswan.

Cruise ships also start at Aswan and so the journey will be in reverse. At Aswan, you will see Elephantine Island, which once marked the southernmost border with Nubia, and the beautiful Kitchener’s Island full of exotic plants. They lie in the centre of the river. Cruising is a wonderful way to see the stretch of the Nile between Luxor and Aswan (Allow from 3 to 4 days). If you wish to continue your cruise experience, take a boat from Aswan to Abu Simbel.
You will see some wondrous sights like the Temple of Wadi El-Subua and the Temple of Amada along the way.
You may also like to stop awhile at the villages of New and Old Gurna (Allow 3 hours).
Once at the Valley of the Kings you could spend hours.

The Valley of the Kings dates back to around the 16th to the 11th centuries BC as a necropolis of the Pharaonic Egypt’s New Kingdom dynasties. It is approached through a barren landscape of sand dunes and hills until you reach the centre of the valley. Here you will be able to visit several tombs, including that of Ramses I and Ramses III, plus probably the most famous of all the tomb of Tut Ankh Amon (Tutankhamen) discovered in 1922 (Allow 3 hours).

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