Things to do in Luxor, Egypt

Luxor or Thebes, the richest and the most important archaeological site in ancient Egypt. It locates about 760 Kms south of Cairo. Thebes was Known in ancient Egyptian texts as t3-ipt, which means “southern Harim”, or southern Quarters, referring to the temple of ipt-rsyt, known as Luxor Temple which was founded by Amenhotep III. The word t3-ipt became Thebaiy or Thebes in the Greek language then Theba or Teba in the Arabic language.

The Word Luxor was the Arabic name of Thebes, the Arabs were fascinated and impressed, when they saw its huge Temples and imagined that they were palaces with hundreds of gates. So the word Luxor was derived from the Arabic word “Kousor” which means Palaces.

The river Nile divided the city into two parts East bank and west bank of the Nile and here it is the most important Things to do at Luxor.

Karnak Temple

It locates to the east bank of Luxor, north to Luxor temple. It is regarded as one of the greatest cult temple, dedicated mainly to the cult of the Theban triad Amun, Mut and Khonsu. Karnak temples are an important record for ancient Egyptian History and civilization, as early as the Middle Kingdom until the Greco-Roman period.
Each ruler was very careful to have his own addition to Karnak Temple, either as a chapel, Pylon, obelisk or a complete intact Temple. The kings of the New Kingdom date and on words insisted on having their own buildings at Karnak temple, as god Amon at that period was supreme god and he was also associated with war field.

Luxor Temple

Luxor Temple remains the most impressive of the temples in ancient Egypt due to its simplicity. It has a unique orientation for an Egyptian Temple.
It counts among its enclosures, 3 kinds of religion, The Ancient Egyptian religion, Christianity and Islam. Luxor temple locates to the east bank of the river Nile, alongside and parallel to The Nile. It is regarded as a cult temple dedicated mainly to the Triads of Thebes “Amon-re, Mut and Khonsu.
The temple was founded by Amenhotep III (1390-1352 Bc), and augmented by successive kings, including Ramses II and Alexander the Great.
The Sphinx Avenue between Karnak temple and Luxor temple was to serve the professional way of the opet Festival from Karnak to Luxor temple and to determine the land road to the entrance of the temple. It is composed of 2 rows of human-headed sphinxes, each is carved from a single block of sandstone and placed on a rectangular base.

 

Luxor Museum

holds a beautiful collection of Luxor area, which tells the story of Luxor from the old kingdom tell the Islamic Period. The museum houses two royal mummies, the Luxor Temple cache and as well reconstructed wall of Akhenaton.

Valley of the kings

Kings of the new kingdom chose Luxor to be their capital, and also they chose the hilly area of the west bank for their tombs. The choice of this mountain area was not chosen haphazardly but was mainly chosen for 2 main reasons, the first was to ensure that the mummy will stay preserved for the second journey, and of course it wouldn’t be robbed by tomb robbers as their predecessors of the old kingdom period.

The final number of tombs excavated in valley of the kings reached to 62 tombs. The kings of the 18th Dynasty had a habit of hiding the mummy and the funerary furniture in those hidden tombs with hidden undecorated entrance, while the religious and funerary rituals would be performed in the so called” funerary temples” which would be beside the vegetation of the west bank of Luxor.

However, the kings of the 20th dynasty decided to ignore that idea of hiding their tombs and they depend on blocking the entrances of the tombs by big slabs of stones and decorated their entrances as long as they would be guarded.

Hatshepsut Temple

Hatshepsut Temple is the most famous of Egyptian Temples and one of Egypt great wonders and one of the main Luxor and Egypt attractions built by Queen Hatshepsut of the 18 Dynasty. The temple located below the rocky cliffs at El dier el Bahari, just a short distance of the famous valley of the kings.

Madinat Habu

Madinat Habu is one of Egypt’s most beautifully decorated temples. It’s one of the main Luxor attractions of with valley of the kings and Hatshepsut temple.
The Temple was built by the last strong Pharaoh Ramses III associated by a royal palace, which was surrounded by a battlement enclosure wall. The reliefs here are one of the best sunk relief you will see in Egypt.

Valley of the Queens

Valley of the Queens was chosen for the tombs of the Queens and Princesses of the 19th and 20th dynasties, while the the 18th dynasty queens preferred to be buried in valley of the kings like Queen Hatshepsut, Tawesrt and queen Ti the wife of Amonophis III.
There are over 70 tombs excavated in the area, most of them are without ant texts or decorations but there is the most important tomb of Queen Nefertari, the wife of Ramses II.

Tombs of the Nobles

Tombs of the Nobles contains over 400 tombs. These were either Nobles or official or tittles of high ranks or even some times the poor workers of tombs cutters, including much better preserved examples of tomb paintings.
The tomb paintings show the scene of the daily life and they are not concerned to lead the dead to the afterlife.
For examble tombs of Sennofer and Rekhmire have incredibly detailed paintings depicting scenes from the men’s daily lives, work, and family life. Sennofer was an overseer during the reign of Amenhotep II, Sennofer was an overseer during the reign of Amenhotep II while Rekhmire was the pharaoh’s vizier.

Tomb of Queen Nefertari, House of the ETERNITY

this magnificent tomb has exquisite wall paintings reveal a ritual process and illustrate Nefertari’s journey of transformation into a blessed soul in the hereafter.
But what made this tomb a very special one among other tombs to an extent that it was considered to be an artistic legend. The multitude of colors in her tombs is exceptional, the theme of the tomb is timelessness.

Ramseum Temple

Ramseum Temple is the mortuary temple of Ramses II lies on the edge of the cultivated land. The temple pylon contains the battle scenes of Ramses 2 with the Hittites similar to the scenes of Abusimbel.
Inside the First, Court are the remains of a colossal figure of the king, which is estimated to have originally had a total height of 17.5 meters and to have weighed more than 1,000 tons.
Dier el Madina contains the workers’ village where the artisans of the royal tombs lived and built their tombs at the same place. The tomb paintings are well preserved and showing daily life activities.

Memnon colossi

The Colossi of Memnon are two massive stone statues of the Pharaoh Amenhotep III, who reigned Egypt during the Dynasty XVIII. The two Colossi standing as a guard at the entrance to the Amenhotep’s mortuary temple in the west bank of Luxor.

Felucca ride

One of the important things to do at Luxor is the Felucca ride, especially if you’re not coming to Luxor on a Nile Cruise.

Feluccas are these traditional sailboats you’ll notice in huge numbers on the Nile river, whether in Luxor, Cairo or Aswan. They have been used to sail the Nile since ancient times when pharaohs ruled Egypt.

Sailing down the river Nile while watching the Luxor Temple and Winter Palace Hotel on the east bank and the pink hills of the West Bank.

One of the most popular felucca rides in Luxor is the Banana Island which is covered with banana plantations. the Guide will take you on a short exploratory tour of the island where you’ll be offered a refreshing cup of traditional Egyptian tea and some of the sweetest, most delicious bananas you’ve ever tasted.

Hot air Balloon ride

If you want to see Luxor in all its morning glory at sunrise, you should make a hot air Balloon ride over Luxor. It is a sunrise adventure with breathtaking views over the valley of the kings, Hatshepsut temple, the Nile river and the east bank of Luxor.

How long does it take to see Things to do at Luxor?

It differs from a stay to the other, for example, if you are coming on a Nile cruise, then you have two days, one day to see the east Bank with Karnak and Luxor Temple and the second day to the west bank visiting valley of the kingsHatshepsut temple and Madinat Habu Temple.

If you will stay in a hotel 3 days will be enough to cover all the important sites of Luxor, for example one day visiting the east bank (KarnakLuxor temple and Luxor Museum) and 2 days to see the west bank in details (Valley of the kingsHatshepsut TempleValley of the QueensValley of the NoblesValley of the workersRamseum TempleMadinat Habu TempleSeti 1 Temple and Memnon colossi).

If You are coming to Luxor for one day from Hurghada or from Cairo, you can Visit the Highlights of Luxor Like Karnak and Luxor Temple then crossing the Nile to the West bank visiting Valley of the Kings and Hatshepsut Temple.

Where to eat in Luxor?

I recommend to eat in a local Restaurants either at the east bank or at the west bank, even the local restaurants have the best magical view of the Nile in Luxor. For example, at the east bank Al Sahabi Lane Restaurant with a spectacular view of Luxor temple and the Nile or El Hussin restaurant at Karnak district. On the west bank Africa Restaurant with a view of Luxor east bank.

You can get excellent deals for your stay in Luxor and visit all the places mentioned in our Things to do at Luxor list, where meals, accommodation, transfers, and entrance fees to the main sites along with professional tour guide can be included in the price.

7 of the Most Popular Attractions in Egypt

Very few places in the world are as fascinating as Egypt. All thanks to a geographic location that has allowed the blossoming and development of one of the most interesting peoples of antiquity that has left much to the modern world.

Egypt is a vast country: its surface reaches one million square kilometers. However, 90% of the population is concentrated on the narrow strip of fertile land around the Nile. There are numerous tourist attractions in Egypt, which include:

Cairo

For thousands of years, Cairo has been the heart of the life of the Egyptians. Despite being a bustling metropolis, crowded and full of traffic, it remains one of the most unique cities in Egypt: the crossroads of several civilizations and a meeting place for numerous ancient monuments, imposing buildings and magnificent mosques. Do not miss the great bazaar of Khan El Khalili, where, even if you do not purchase anything, you can see the streets and alleys full of shops and stalls, with their smells, colors and voices, creating a unique atmosphere. Then there is the Egyptian Museum, the largest in the world for the quality and quantity of archaeological finds.

Giza

The Giza Plateau provides people with an insight into the glorious days of ancient Egypt. You cannot go to Egypt and not be amazed by the beauty and majesty of the three pyramids of Khefren, Kheope and Menkaure and the lion-shaped Sphinx overlooking the landscape below. The Great Pyramid of Giza is one of the wonders of the ancient world and it still remains one of the most visited ancient structures in the world.

Luxor

Luxor contains two splendid monuments dedicated to the god Amun, the father of all the gods. Even more surprising are the tombs of the pharaohs of the Eighteenth and Nineteenth Dynasty in the Valley of the Kings and Colossi of Memnon, giant stone guarding the valley. The Luxor Temple and the Karnak Temple on the East Bank of Luxor fascinate tourists with their grandeur and elegance. Apart from the above, there are many other ancient structures in Luxor which are worth visiting.

Aswan

Before Aswan was known for its abundance of red granite that was used in the construction of the obelisks. Today this city is famous for the Aswan High Dam, which helps to control flood in the country. Other attractions in Aswan include the Nubian Museum, Unfinished Obelisk, Fatimid Cemetery, and Elephantine Island etc.

Abu Simbel

The village of Abu Simbel, contains the great temple complex which is considered as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO. After the construction of the Aswan Dam, the temples were moved to this village to save them from flooding. The Great Temple of Ramses and the Temple of Hathor are ancient structures that should not be missed, when touring Egypt. On the front of the Temple of Ramses, there are four colossal statues that represent him. Tourists can easily hire a taxi for travelling to Abu Simbel from the city of Aswan.

Sharm el Sheikh

Sharm el Sheikh is the most famous seaside resort town on the Red Sea. It is ideal for those who want to spend some quiet time on the beach. Tourists can also enjoy various aquatic sport activities such as scuba diving, snorkeling, swimming, diving, fishing, sailing and windsurfing in Sharm el Sheikh.

Monastery of St. Macarius

In the village of Wadi el-Natrun, lies the Monastery of St. Macarius. It is a very important religious center for Coptic Christians. The village of Wadi el-Natrunis situated almost halfway between Cairo and Alexandria. The monastery was established in the year 360 AD by St. Macarius the Great.

Overnight Trip to Luxor from Cairo includes Opera Aida

Enjoy Luxor Tour From Cairo for two days exploring Luxor includes Opera Aida. Visit Karnak and Luxor Temples, the Colossi of Memnon, the Valley of the Kings and Hatshepsut Temple and Verdi Aida Opera. Enjoy a Nile Felucca ride before flying back to Cairo.

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Overnight Trip to Luxor from Cairo includes Opera Aida

 

Private Tour Run: From 26 to 28 Oct 2019

 

Day 1:– Visit Luxor East Bank

  • Arrival to Luxor
  • Visit the Luxor East bank
  • Visit Karnak temple & Luxor Temple
  • Lunch in a Local restaurant
  • Transfer to your hotel in Luxor
  • Verdi Aida Opera Luxor
  • Transfer back to your accommodation hotel in Luxor and overnight.
  • Pick up from Luxor airport.
  • Then you will discover the East bank of Luxor including Karnak Temples Complex, which are the largest structures ever build in the history of the mankind. The principal building is that of god Amun Ra, since it was considered the house of god on the earth, the earlier structure date back to the middle kingdom, but there are some references which refer to the earlier buildings as old as the 3rd dynasty.
  • Later on, you will proceed to visit Temple of Luxor, which was built by one of the kings of the 12th dynasty and completed by the well know king Ramses II. This temple was located in the heart of ancient Thebes and, like Karnak, was dedicated to the main/chief god Amun Re.
  • Lunch will be in a local restaurant in Luxor
  • After finishing your day tour, you will be transferred in a private A/C vehicle to your accommodation hotel in Luxor.

Verdi Aida Opera Luxor at the Temple of Hatshepsut

The amazing show of Opera Aida is now in Luxor. Show will be performed on a stage as old as time at the Temple of Hatshepsut. You will enjoy the history beside the new era of art. Aida is an opera with four acts, which has been set during the old Kindom of Egypt. Aida, Radames, Amneris, and Amonasro are main acts. Performance will have stars form the world of international conductors like: Sae-Kyung Rim, Mickael Spadaccini, Eliska Weissova, Aris Argiris, Oksana Lyniv and Michael Sturm.

A Luxor and Aswan Travel representative will pick you up from your hotel to attend the Aida Opera. A show depicting the division of two kingdoms, the Nubian and Egyptian Empires, a forbidden love and the faith of a nation. Originally written by Giuseppe Verdi a famed Italian Composer the show has been reproduced in many forms and now it has returned home to Egypt. After the performance, you will return to your hotel.

Note: You will be transported from your hotel at 17:00

 

Day 2: – Visit Luxor West Bank – Fly back to Cairo

  • Breakfast at your hotel in Luxor
  • Visit Luxor West bank
  • Visit Valley of The Kings , Temple of Hatshepsut , Colossi of Memnon.
  • Lunch in a local restaurant
  • Transfer to Luxor Airport for fly back to Cairo
  • Breakfast at your hotel in Luxor
  • Then you will start your magical tour in Thebes, the sacred land by exploring the west bank of Luxor including Valley of the Kings, which considers as the royal cemetery of the Theban kings and rulers of ancient Egypt, and the place where our Pharaohs were buried. After that, you will proceed to visit Temple of Queen Hatshepsut at Deir El Bahari. This temple is considered as one of the most wonderful examples of the Architecture in ancient Egypt, because it was totally carved inside the mountain. At the end of the tour you will visit Colossi of Memnon, which is belonging to king Amenhotep III.
  • After finishing your day tour , you will be transferred to Luxor airport to fly back to Cairo.

 

Package Inclusion:

  • Flight from Cairo to Luxor
  • Flight from Luxor back to Cairo
  • Entrance fees to all the above mentioned archaeological sightseeing.
  • Entrance fees to the show (Bronze)
    • VIP $ 750 Price per Person
    • Diamond $ 350 Price per Person
    • Gold $ 250 Price per Person
    • Silver $ 200 Price per Person
  • Private Egyptologist English speaking tour guide.
  • All transfers by A-C Deluxe vehicles with qualified driver (s).
  • 1 Night hotel accommodation in Luxor at 5* hotel on B.B basis
  • All local taxes and services.
  • Lunch meals in the tours in Luxor and Aswan
  • Mineral water to be provided on Complimentary basis during the Tours and sightseeing.

Package Exclusion:

  • Any Extra not mentioned above.
  • All personal expenses like laundry etc.
  • Tipping to tour guide, driver, etc…
  • Any Optional Tours

 

Thank you for choosing Luxor And Aswan Travel

Saqqara Step Pyramid

Saqqara Or Sakkara is a desolate desert located west of the Nile 9 miles (14 km) south of Cairo, saqqara complex containd pyramid of djoser, Pharaohs buildings, columns and shrines, Mastaba of Mereruka, Pyramid texts of Unas, The purpose off saqqara complex is to facilitate a successful afterlife for the king so that he could be eternally reborn.

Step Pyramid or (pyramid of djoser) consecrated to king djoser, built by architect Imhotep, during third dynasty in Sakkara which was the cemetery for Memphis, Djoser’s complex is the first stone building in Egypt whose architect is known with the name of Imhotep, The entrance to Sakkara has a large scale stone wall surrounds the complex.

Enclosure wall of Djoser complex is consists of light Tura limestone 10.5m height, contains distinctive paneled construction known as the palace façade,
Imhotep decided to build an enormous mastaba of stone, then built another mastaba on top of the first, then another on top of the second, he continued this process until he had enlarged the structure into the world’s first pyramid. It is called now “step pyramid,” consisting of six terraces.

Imhotep designed four symbolic buildings in Djoser’s complex in Saqqara, they are the Pavilion of the North, the Pavilion of the South, the South Tomb, and the Jubilee Festival Courtyard, believes that these four symbolic buildings were for the use of king’s ka, or for the spirit afterlife.

On the northern side is the original entrance of the Pyramid. And you will notice a little room that is built with a gradient angle, similar to the Pyramid itself. There was found a beautiful statue of King Zoser made of limestone, it was moved to the Egyptian museum in Cairo and replaced by a replica.

Inside the complex of sakkara there is a courtyard called the celebration of the (Hep-Sed) court, it is also called (Sed Festival) in Saqqara, celebrated by the king after 30 years of rule to rejuvenate the king and represented to strengthen the ruler’s power.

On the southern side, you will see the ruined Pyramid of King Unas, Pyramid of Unas (Unis, Oenas or Wenis) also called Pyramid texts, which dates back to the end of the 5th Dynasty. It was the first Pyramid that had inscriptions decorating the walls of the burial chamber, Inside the Pyramid he placed an undecorated black basalt sarcophagus and built the walls of his burial chamber of fine colored alabaster.

Mastaba of Mereruka

it is similar to a palace, has 32 rooms in total, 21 rooms for Mereruka, 6 for his wife Watet-Khet-Hor. Mereruka served during the sixth dynasty of Egypt as one of Egypt’s most powerful officials at a time state noblemen was increasing in wealth and power.

The Pyramid of Teti is a smooth-sided pyramid situated in the pyramid field at Saqqara in Egypt. It is historically the second known pyramid containing pyramid texts, it is now resembles a small hill, and Below the ground the chambers and corridors are very well preserved.

Cairo Tower – Egypt

cairo tower

Cairo Tower is a free-standing concrete tower in Cairo, Egypt At 187 m, it has been the tallest structure in Egypt and North Africa for about 50 years. It was the tallest structure in Africa for ten years until 1971, when it was surpassed by Hillbrow Tower in South Africa, Cairo Tower was built in the reign of former Egyptian president Gamal Abdel Nasser. It cost 6 million pounds at the time it was built in the late 60s.

The tower consists of 16th floors which were built on a huge Aswan granite base where the Pharos used to build fascinating temples and structures, this tower is located at a place in Cairo which is called El Gizera, it also was constructed by Naoum Shebib at 1961.

Cairo Tower was built out of concrete iron and it has the shape of the famous Lotus plant where ancient Egyptians used to produce papyrus. The length of the tower is 187 meters which 43 meters higher than the great pyramid of Cheops. It is located in the middle of Cairo at the edge of Zamalek Island, you will be amazed by trying the tower’s telescope to watch the marvelous sights of the Nile River, the amazing Giza Pyramids, the clear blue sky and the wide streets.

Aswan High Dam

Aswan-High-Dam

Aswan Dam located near Aswan, the world famous High Dam was an engineering miracle when it was built in the 1960. It contains 18 times the material used in the Great Pyramid of Cheops. The Dam is 11,811 feet long, 3215 feet thick at the base and 364 feet tall, Today it provides irrigation and electricity for the whole of Egypt and together with the old Aswan Dam built by the British between 1898 and 1902, 6km down river, gorgeous views for visitors, From the top of the two Mile long High Dam you can look across Lake Nassar, the huge reservoir created when it was built to Kalabsha temple in the south and the huge power station to the north.

The Aswan High Dam was wonderful project, In fact it was one of the most important achievements of the last century in Egypt, for many years symbolizing the New Era after 1952.

The Aswan High Dam yields enormous benefits to the economy of Egypt, The first time in history, the annual Nile flood can be controlled by man, The dam detain the floodwaters, releasing them when needed to maximize their utility on irrigated land, to water hundreds of thousands of new acres, to develop navigation in Aswan, and to generate enormous amounts of electric power, The dam powers twelve generators each rated at 175 megawatts, producing a hydroelectric output of 2.1 gigawatts. Power generation began in 1967.

When the dam first reached peak output it produced around half of Egypt’s entire electricity production (about 15% by 1998) and allowed for the connection of most Egyptian villages to electricity for the first time.

The dam has also provided much needed water for irrigation, as well as producing electricity from the hydroelectric output of the river, The dam helped Egypt to reach its highest ever level of electric production, granting many small villages the luxury of using electricity for the first time. Prepare yourself for a particularly sightseeing experience in Aswan with Luxor and Aswan Travel.