Archive for the 'audio' Category

Cory Doctorow: Kill All DRM in the World Forever, Within a Decade [AUDIO]

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In this conversation with Jonathan Zittrain, Cory Doctorow — author and EFF Special Advisor — explains how he plans to kill all DRM in the world forever, within a decade.

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Radio Berkman 229: The Ad Block Wars

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A recent New York Times survey of the top 50 news sites showed that blocking ads while surfing their mobile news sites could save up to 14 megabytes per page loaded. 14 megabytes adds up to 30 seconds over 4G, and, if you’re on a restricted data plan, it would cost you 30 cents per page, all of that money going to your mobile provider, not to the content publisher.

But for content publishers, and the ad providers that keep them alive, ad blocking poses a huge problem. Most of the commercial web as we know it exists because of advertising. When web users aren’t loading ads on their favorite ad-supported site, or otherwise paying the site – by subscribing, sponsoring, buying merchandise – the site is losing out on cash.

And we’re talking serious cash. Digital ad spending is expected to reach $170.17 billion in 2015, with $69 billion – 40% of ad spending – in the mobile space.

That’s a lot of money to spend on ads that might not even be seen. Ad block software is now in use by 200 million people around the globe.

Doc Searls is a journalist and author who worked in the ad industry years ago. He has referred to ad blocking as “the biggest boycott in human history.”

Radio Berkman producer Elizabeth Gillis spoke with Searls about what’s going on in the Ad Block Wars, and the part played by users, like you.

Reference Section

Doc’s Ad Block Wars series
Photo courtesy of Flickr user piratechikan
Creative commons music from Neurowaxx and Podington Bear

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This week’s episode produced by Elizabeth Gillis and Daniel Dennis Jones.

Libraries: the Next Generation [AUDIO]

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In 2013, the Berkman Center helped to launch the Digital Public Library of America (DPLA), which brings together the riches of America’s libraries, archives, and museums, and makes them freely available to the world. This online portal delivers incredible resources and artifacts from all over America to the fingertips of students, teachers, scholars, and the public at large. Meanwhile at Harvard and many universities across America, libraries of all kinds are negotiating the opportunities of the digital with enterprise, ingenuity, and experimentation.

In this conversation DPLA Executive Director Dan Cohen, Faculty Director of metaLAB (at) Harvard Jeffrey Schnapp, and librarian and technologist Andromeda Yelton explore how libraries are drawing on their past, and using technology to create new resources for scholarship and education.

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State of the Podcast, 2015 [AUDIO]

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Less than 15 years after the RSS 2.0 standard was developed (by Berkman Center fellows!), paving the way for the subscribe-able audio medium we know as “Podcasts,” four leading figures in the invention and re-invention of podcasting come together to discuss the past, present, and future of serialized audio content.

Chris Lydon (Radio Open Source), Jake Shapiro and Kerri Hoffman (PRX), and Benjamen Walker (Radiotopia’s Theory of Everything) are led in conversation by Berkman Center Faculty Co-Director Chris Bavitz.

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The Mozilla Delphi Cybersecurity Study: Towards a User Centric Cybersecurity Policy Agenda [AUDIO]

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Researcher Camille François leads a discussion of the “Mozilla Delphi Cybersecurity 1.0. Study: Towards A User Centric Policy Framework” with Berkman community members Josephine Wolff, Andy Ellis, and Bruce Schneier, who participated in the study.

More than 30 leading cybersecurity experts from a wide variety of backgrounds – including academia, civil liberties, government and military, security, and technology – participated in the study, which tackles the following questions: what is the role of policy in cybersecurity? How consensual is the definition of cybersecurity? What are the current priorities for cybersecurity policy? Which issues get too little or too much attention? What are measures that a diverse set of cybersecurity actors can agree on as being both feasible and desirable?

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Jason Griffey “When Online is Offline: The Case for Hyperlocal Webservers and Networks” [AUDIO]

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The LibraryBox Project (along with other emerging projects like PirateBox, occupy.here, IdeasBox, and others) is an attempt at bridging the divide in delivery of digital information in areas where there is a lack of communications infrastructure or where that infrastructure has been damaged or is overly monitored or controlled. As self-contained, non-connected portable servers, these devices can be used to circumvent governmental firewalls, distribute information in areas of political upheaval, reach the most remote areas to deliver healthcare information, and help recovery efforts after natural disasters.

In this presentation Jason Griffey — founder and principal at Evenly Distributed  http://evenlydistributed.net) technology consulting and creation firm for libraries, museums, education, and other non-profits — gives an overview of the LibraryBox project and its current state, goals and development roadmap, and a discussion of possible next directions and needs.

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Jonathan Zittrain Kicks Off the Berkman Center’s 2015-2016 Academic Year [AUDIO]

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Berkman Center Faculty Chair Jonathan Zittrain leads a dynamic introduction to the Berkman Center for Internet & Society’s history, and the network of researchers, activists, faculty, students, technologists, entrepreneurs, artists, policymakers, lawyers, and more who are influencing the future of the Internet.

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Radio Berkman 228: Towards a More Inclusive Web

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Ethnographer Whitney Phillips embedded with the trolls of 4chan, observing for years how anonymous members of its subversive “/b/” forum memed, pranked, harassed, and abused, all for the “lolz” — the thrill of doing something shocking.

The result: a book, “This is Why We Can’t Have Nice Things: Mapping the Relationship between Online Trolling and Mainstream Culture,” that sheds light on how and why trolls do what they do.

More than pushing the boundaries of taste within themselves — the “/b/” board recently made headlines for a case in which anonymous members allegedly goaded one of their own to cut off his own toe — troll behavior has had an incredibly broad impact on society. Trolling shaped the way social platforms and conversations on public forums take place. It is in no small part due to the spread of troll culture that comments sections, Facebook threads, and Twitter conversations can be minefields to productive conversation; the troll dialect is better equipped for shock and ironic bigotry than for sincerity, and a sincere conversation is just begging to be disrupted, especially when you disagree with your target.

But while wrench-throwing can and has been a very important tool in online discourse, the web has started to outgrow trolls. In 2003 when 4chan was launched, there were under 700 million people on the Internet (predominantly higher income, younger, white, western, male, and native English speakers), compared to 3.2 billion people today from many backgrounds. The incredible diversity of individuals all trying to have conversations on the same platforms has increased demand for civility, understanding, and inclusiveness, even as the conversations can seem more and more cacophonously problematic. And this threatens to make trolling less funny.

Whitney joins us this week to talk about how troll culture has changed over the years, and what platforms can do to temper darker forms of discourse.

Reference Section:
Follow Whitney Phillips work
Her book “This is Why We Can’t Have Nice Things: Mapping the Relationship between Online Trolling and Mainstream Culture”

Flickr photo courtesy of zzathras777

Music courtesy of _ghost

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This week’s episode produced by Elizabeth Gillis and Daniel Dennis Jones.

Radio Berkman 227: How Block Chain Will Change the World

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Bitcoin is having its 7th birthday, and its promise to change the way the world thinks about money is looking less and less hyperbolic.

For one, the block chain technology underlying Bitcoin – the public ledger that makes the exchange transparent and accountable – is now being used to clean up Wall Street. A block chain-inspired service announced recently could open up the practice of lending stocks, and help prevent the kind of out-of-control short selling that led to the crash of 2008.

But there are a lot people still don’t understand about Bitcoin and block chain. We spoke with incoming Berkman Fellow Patrick Murck of the Bitcoin Foundation to explain.

Flickr photo courtesy of btckeychain

Music from Artist of the Fortnight

Reference Section:
Block chain takes on Wall Street
The History of Bitcoin
The whitepaper that launched Bitcoin

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This week’s episode produced by Elizabeth Gillis, Zoe Wood, and Daniel Dennis Jones.

Radio Berkman 226: Pay the Musician

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The market for recorded music has undergone at least three major reinventions since the dawn of the Internet. At the turn of the century illegal downloading ate away at the music industry’s bottom line. Then the iTunes music store made it easy to buy music again, albeit disaggregated from its album form.

Then along came streaming. The combination of ubiquitous Internet connectivity and bottomless consumer appetite for music has led to the success of applications like Pandora, Spotify, and Rdio which allow users to access entire music catalogs from virtually anywhere for next to nothing.

Streaming has worked. In 2014 alone, at least 164 billion tracks were played across all streaming services according to Nielsen. And these streaming companies are raking in incredible amounts of cash from advertising and user subscription fees.

Where does the money go? A recent study from Berklee College of Music’s Institute for Creative Entrepreneurship showed that 20 to 50 percent of music revenues might never make it to their rightful owners. In some cases artists might get 20% or less of the already tiny dollar amounts coming in from streaming services.

But no one knows for sure. In a New York Times Op-Ed this week David Byrne asked the music industry to “open the black box,” and let everyone – the artists, the labels, the distributors, the listeners – know exactly where your money goes.

On this week’s episode of the podcast we try to find out if we can crack into the stream and figure out where the money is flowing.

Flickr photo courtesy of hobvias sudoneighm

Reference Section:
Berklee College of Music’s Institute for Creative Entrepreneurship’s study Transparency and Money Flows in the Digital Music Industry
David Byrne’s New York Times Op-Ed
Our full interview with Damon Krukowski

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This week’s episode produced by Elizabeth Gillis, Beatrice Igne-Bianchi, and Daniel Dennis Jones.

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