Intelligence, human potential and life transformation (part 1)

September 27, 2008 | Comments Off on Intelligence, human potential and life transformation (part 1)

Developmental psychologist Dr Howard Gardner defined intelligence as “a biopsychological information-processing capacity to solve problems or fashion products that are valued in at least one community and culture.”

According to him, different parts of the brain are responsible for different abilities: metaphoric, graphic, narrative, musical, graphic, calculation and the like. He argued that one’s sophistication with one kind of mental representation does not predict his sophistication with other representations.

Gardner was not convinced that there is one single general intelligence, “g”, as proposed by many psychologists before him. He believed that we have a multiplicity of intelligences. Instead of being a single giant computer, intelligence should be viewed as a set of relatively independent computer, and different brain regions mediate different skills.

The eight intelligences proposed by Gardner included:

(1) Linguistic intelligence
(2) Logical mathematical intelligence
(3) Musical intelligence
(4) Spatial intelligence
(5) Bodily – Kinesthetic intelligence
(6) Interpersonal intelligence
(7) Intrapersonal intelligence
(8) Naturalistic intelligence

Gardner also made an important distinction between intelligence and morality.


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