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Necessary Things for Repairing Kitchen

The kitchen is a place for family gatherings where all members of family will dinner together after a tiring day for a warm meal to share with each other during the day. Therefore, kitchen is considered as the most important part of the house. It is the reason why almost people focus on repair and décor their kitchen. In fact, no matter how well built, after a period of using, the kitchen will appear problems to fix and fix. There are some common problems including some areas are damp, dust and grease are causing aesthetic, affecting the health of consumers; kitchen cabinets degrade; brick tiles cracked, broken and so on. Before this situation, families often have the need to use professional home repair services to overcome them; is one of the best choices for you. However, the post will introduce you necessary things if you want to repair your kitchen.



1. Choose kitchen appliances suitable with your kitchen

When designing kitchen cabinets, you should choose for your family kitchen accessories such as odor absorber, magnetic kitchen, pots, faucets, refrigerators, water purifiers. Usually, these devices will only in certain types of sizes and interior designers will advise you further, but it still have to research and find out in advance to avoid the state of the selection. For example, magnetic cookers and electromagnetic kitchen glass, you should choose the type of kitchen is tempered glass surface, wide surface and easy to clean the bathroom. Homemakers will no longer have to work hard to clean up the kitchen after each cooking because only a soft towel was able to clean the kitchen quickly. Furthermore, you should choose European kitchen cookers produce which will fast cooking, without heat loss to the outside, thus saving electricity. In addition, modern touch control technology integrated in the kitchen surface gives the feeling of luxury, utility, inspiration to cook the best food. At the same time, the timer function gives you better control over the cooking process.



2. Choose the material for kitchen cabinets

Choosing furniture made from industrial wood is the smartest and most useful choice. That is because the industrial wood has many advantages and excellence from these types of wood. Furthermore, the designers and executors will create three creative pieces of furniture to meet all the needs of customers. Moreover, industrial wood has some main features including

– Durable, light and highly aesthetic.

– Abrasion resistance, high strength

– Ability to sound superior and easy to construct

– Rich colors with unique wood veins

– Suitable for all types of interior design, from simple to complex, for small households to office, luxury apartment, modern apartment complex and etc.

In addition, kitchen cabinets which are made by industrial wood will have cheaper price than usual kitchen cabinets. Therefore, it will be the ideal choice for almost families.

Besides choosing the kitchen cabinet and other kitchen appliances, people should ask designers to know more information and useful tips as well as advice before repairing. You can also read more information from repairing websites.

July 22nd, 2017 Posted by | Device, new, Repair | No Comments

Pilates – a great physical therapy for spinal injuries

Pilates with a range of stretching exercises is considered to be the first choice of the office workers and has been emerging as a leading physical therapy in the world, for example, Fisioterapia Luxemburgo. This draws the attention of Hollywood stars and the Moscow elites.


Pilates was invented by Joseph Pilates, a German gymnastics coach emigrating to the United States. When having worked out the plan of the functional training for ballet students suffering from the injury by combining stretching exercises such as flexibility exercises and balancing exercises in ballet together with the postures of yoga, he introduced a system of exercises that support to enhance the fitness, prevent injuries and keep the body in balance through exercises for spinal column. With these exercises, you gradually realize their effectiveness in improving your build by keeping the right posture, strengthening muscles and creating the supple body.

In reality, a large number of people at all ages, from Hollywood stars, supermodels to ordinary people are eager for Pilates. So why is pilates so attractive?

Pilates is a system of stretching and pushing exercises; relaxing muscles and adjusting the body postures and alignment of the bone structures. Pilates helps to correct defects of the spine caused by improper postures through daily activities, which lead to back pain, degenerative spine, spinal disc herniation, and spondylosis. In addition, pilates help to relax the muscles including neck muscles, shoulder blades, waist, two muscles along the backbone and avoid the dryness of joints.


The Asian diva named Elva Hsiao successfully practiced Pilates and published a book on Pilates. She said that Pilates was the next stop of her dreams. Finally, she found out her body and soul. For each area of the body, she chose 15 exercises. And that was a modern physiotherapy for those who are prone to obesity and stress and have a low fitness of muscles. Simple movements helped her lose three kilograms after two weeks of taking Pilates. In particular, the abdominal muscles became more powerful.

In reality, In European countries and other regions as well, there has been a significant increase in the number of Pilates centers including Pilates Luxemburgo.

The miraculous effect of pilates on back pain and spinal diseases

A recent research has shown that the stress and ache and pain caused by back injury can be easily eliminated through Pilates exercises. This study helps us to realize that Pilates is able to balance movements of turning your body and help to build up muscles to shape a good body. Moreover, you learn more about the useful knowledge of your body movements so that you will change bad habits that may hurt your back. Therefore, you will listen to and get more understand about your body.

No matter how you take pilates, the Reformer or the Mat, you will also have a coach who is expert in principles, surgery, muscles, and spinal column. The most important principle of pilates is the accuracy. The reason is that if doing Pilates exercises wrong, taking pilates is not beneficial for your health.

July 15th, 2017 Posted by | Fisioterapia, health, Pilates | 2 Comments

Chlamydia Symptoms in Women

Chlamydia is mainly caused by bacteria and is a sexually transmitted disease. Both men and women can be affected by Chlamydia through sexual contact with an infected person. Sexual contact with multiple partners also leads to Chlamydia. It can be passed during oral sex or vaginal sex. New born babies may also be affected with this infection if the mother is infected. Chlamydia symptoms in women are some times not noticed as the women do not display any of them. The infection first attacks the cervix and later the urethra. This sexually transmitted disease is caused by a bacterium named Chlamydia Trachomatis. When this infection spreads to upper genital tract, it causes pelvic inflammatory disease in women and at the same time epididymis (disease) in men. Chlamydia causes blindness, arthritis, conjunctivitis and also pneumonia in some people.

Symptoms may occur with in one to three weeks of exposure. Few of the early Chlamydia symptoms are burning sensation while urinating, abnormal discharge from vagina and dysuria. Some of the symptoms which are noticed later are fever, nausea, lower back pain, lower abdominal pain, pain during sex, inter-menstrual bleeding, infertility and also post coital bleeding. the infection should be properly diagnosed for better treatment and in right time. Men suffering from Chlamydia may observe discharge from the penis and burning sensation while urinating. Some men can even experience swelling in the testicles. If the woman participates in oral sex with an infected partner, the infection may spread even to throat.

Chlamydia symptoms in women need to be treated well in time to avoid serious complications and other related health problems. People are likely to develop various other diseases like HIV and syphilis. If the infected cells of cervix are not treated, the infection can spread even to uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes and may even result in pelvic inflammatory disease. Chlamydia (mainly caused by chlamydia trachomatis) infection may affect the function of the sperm in men. If men are not treated well in time, may cause infection of the urethra, which is tube carrying urine from the body. It may even affect the tube that carries the sperm from the testis and finally resulting in fever, pain or infertility, in men. Doctors prescribe few antibiotics like a single dose of ofazithromycin or doxycycline for about a week for treating this infection. Erythromycin is the best antibiotic given for curing Chlamydia during pregnancy.

Follow these measures and tips for treating Chlamydia easily. You need to inform the doctor without making any delay. Follow the instructions and be sincere in taking the medicine at regular intervals advised by your doctor. Avoid sex during this period till the infection is completely cured. Teenagers and women are more prone to this infection because the cells form the inner lining of the cervix.

July 4th, 2017 Posted by | health, new | 4 Comments

Women’s Vitamins

Women’s vitamins not only keep your body going they also help us repair the damage we inflict on ourselves. Take Vitamin A, it is vital in repairing cells or Vitamin C , it helps make collagen which is responsible for repairing our skin. Vitamin D is needed for the absorption and utilization of calcium. Calcium is needed to repair the bones we manage to break and the teeth we love to abuse. If you smoke you probably need a Vitamin C Supplement. Women in northern hemisphere climates, the UK for one, probably don’t get enough sun so a Vitamin D Supplement may be needed.

We want to tell you a little about each vitamin on this page. If you want more information about any women’s vitamin just left click on any of the colored, underlined, words. This will open a new window with more details.

As a society we pollute the air we have to live in than we put our bodies in this pollution without any protection. Vitamin E helps neutralize free radicals. This in turn repairs our skin from pollution and damage caused by being in the sunlight. It even helps repair our wounds and keep our eyes healthy. If you’re out in the sun a lot you may need a Vitamin E Supplement.

We already learned that vitamin D is needed to utilize calcium for bone repair. What makes the calcium stick where we need it? Vitamin K does by helping make the protein in bone tissue which causes calcium to crystallize.

The one thing all B vitamins have in common is energy. In one way or another they help create energy from the foods we eat. Vitamin B1 breaks down carbohydrates and helps convert them to energy. Among other things it is also used to transmit certain nerve signals. If you’re on a high-carbohydrate diet you may need a Vitamin B1 Supplement.

Besides helping to produce energy Vitamin B2 helps produce antibodies to protect us. Skin, nails and hair are constantly being renewed. This works out well because while it’s making antibodies it’s also making cells grow and stay healthy. If your nails are thin or brittle you may need a Vitamin B2 Supplement.

We like to call Vitamin B3 the women’s vitamin for sex. It helps produce sex hormones and helps with nervous system functions. Since it also helps with memory recall we can’t help wondering how much sex and memory have in common. Hmmmmm! If you’re pregnant you need to talk to your health care provider before taking vitamin B3 supplements.

The workhorse of women’s vitamins is Vitamin B6 . It is busy helping all over the place. From producing serotonin, melatonin, and dopamine for your mental health to taking apart amino acids to producing RNA and DNA nucleic acids, it’s always busy. Oral contraceptives and antidepressants may make a Vitamin B6 Supplement a good choice.

Compared to vitamin B6 Folic Acid seems kind of lazy. Besides helping produce energy it’s only claim to fame is the formation and functioning of red and white blood cells. On the other hand we guess that’s a good day’s work. Folic acid also has the distinction of being the women’s vitamin that is deficient most often in our bodies. Alcohol and oral contraceptives will probably make a Folic Acid Supplement a must have.

The protector of our cells is Vitamin B12. It puts a coating around each cell like insulation. When it’s not insulating cells it also helps keep our amino acid levels in a healthy zone. If you drink alcohol or are a vegetarian that avoids dairy products you may need a Vitamin B12 Supplement.

Besides helping to produce energy Biotin helps cells such as RNA and DNA become manufactured. Healthy hair and skin require Biotin. Alcohol and estrogen use may mean a Biotin Supplement is needed. A special note for drinkers of power shakes using raw eggs. Raw egg whites block the absorption of biotin.

Pantothenic Acid is a busy little women’s vitamin. It is busy maintaining several body functions while it’s building cells and antibodies. Like many of the other women’s vitamins this one has its own Pantothenic Acid Supplement line.

Fighting cholesterol is one of the great things Choline does. The Institute of Medicine just did a report linking it to memory, and heart, liver, and brain functions. If you have high cholesterol a Choline Supplement may give your body the extra boost it needs to help lower those high LDL numbers.

We hope this women’s vitamin overview has been informative.

July 3rd, 2017 Posted by | happy life, health, health care, new | 4 Comments

Memory Enhancer Products – What Are They?

Do you find yourself forgetting things like what you went into a room for! Or that you went to the grocery store for a specific purpose, which you’re reminded of when you get home and remember what it was you went there to get! If this sounds familiar, you’re not alone. It often happens with age and if there is one surety in life, it’s that we’re all getting older! And as we age, we undergo certain physiological changes. One of these is ‘age-related cognitive deficit’. According to a study done by Yale University a few years ago, middle-aged and elderly folk tend to have less robust neural networks. In other words, our brains become ‘feebler’ as our neural network connections weaken and stop firing as well as they did in our youth. However, the brain is a truly remarkable organ with an unparallel ability to repair itself given the right environment, and care! For example, it can grow new neural connections to bypass damaged ones (neuroplasticity). And, importantly for an aging population we can also reverse or slow down age-related cognitive deficit!

Brain Vitamins For A Healthier Brain

When it comes to slowing down the deterioration of our brain, you’ll come across phrases like brain food, brain vitamins, memory enhancers and brain exercises. What do all these mean though? Well, it’s a well-known fact that certain vitamins are important for normal brain function. A diet lacking in these can lead to impaired brain function, which manifests itself as poor memory, inattention, anxiety, stress, depression and those general ‘blonde moments’ we’ve all experienced. However, ensuring you get enough brain vitamins will help get your brain back in working order!

Amongst the most important vitamins and compounds needed for a healthy brain are Vitamins E, B and C, the powerful anti-oxidant Alpha Lipoic Acid, and Omega 3 Fatty Acids. Whilst the optimal way to obtain these is from a healthy, well balanced diet, the fact is that today we often don’t eat enough of the right foods. The right foods? Here are fifteen foods that top the list as the most effective foods for your brain:

  • wild salmon and other oily fish,
  • cocoa,
  • eggs,
  • olive oil,
  • flax seeds / oil,
  • avocado oil,
  • walnut seeds / oil and other nuts
  • green salads,
  • cucumber
  • celery
  • berries like strawberries and blueberries,
  • Goji berry
  • Greek yogurt,
  • Gyokuru leaf tea,
  • Tempeh – great protein source for vegans

If you’re not eating enough of these, supplementing your diet with a good brain pill or brain supplement is a good way to ensure one of your body’s most important organs continues to function at its peak!

Exercise And Your Brain – Brain Exercises Are Valuable

Exercise is not just good for your body; it’s also good for your brain! Physical exercise is proven to improve mood, sharpen your senses and generally promote a sense of well-being. But specific brain exercises are also valuable ie learning new things, solving puzzles and being creative.

Are Nootropics For You?

For an added brain power boost you could also consider using a nootropic, or ‘brain pill’ of some sort. One of the best unbiased overviews of these products, and about memory enhancer products in general, can be found on the Planet Supplement website.

July 3rd, 2017 Posted by | health, health care, new | 14 Comments

All About Hair And Hair Treatment

Did you know? When it comes to hair, humans, elephants and rhinos might appear to be the most naked species of mammal but humans do in fact have nearly the same number of hair follicles as other primates! It’s just that we have, for some reason, evolved with much thinner, finer hair than other mammals. We have also developed unique hair patterns. Notably we have denser, thicker hair on our head, armpits and genital areas. The hair on our heads provides protection from the sun as it gets more exposure to the sun than other body parts. Then we have apocrine glands in our armpits and genital area. Apocrine glands are scent-releasing organs and it’s thought these scents may have a similar function to pheromones in other species. The denser hair in those areas helps to trap and intensify these scents.

What Hair Removal Treatment Options And Products Are Available?

Today excessive hirsuteness is often considered undesirable. That’s why the average man spends more than a month of his life shaving off his facial hair! And women spend far longer than that removing hair from their legs, armpits and, often, genital area. Ergo, hair removal treatment options and products today are numerous. There are razors, electric shavers, depilatory creams, waxing products and now, hair growth inhibitors! Each method has its pros and cons. Shaving is cheap, quick, easy and painless but doesn’t last very long. Depilatory creams are more efficient but because they’re chemical based, are not recommended for use in certain areas due to potentially causing inflammation and skin sensitivities. Waxing is longer lasting than either shaving or depilatory creams but ouch…… It’s not exactly the most painless way to get rid of unwanted hair! Hair growth inhibitors target cellular activity in the hair follicles when hair is actively growing, reducing the density and the length of the hair. With regular use, hair growth gets sparser and the hairs become less noticeable, reducing the need for other hair removal methods.

Biotin Deficiency, Biotin Benefits And Hair Loss Vitamins – Do They Work?

And then there is Alopecia! However, whilst some hair loss (Alopecia) is natural, excessive or unusual hair loss should never be taken lightly because in some instances it’s a signal that something is amiss in our body. Biotin deficiency for instance has been linked with recurring hair loss. For that reason, many hair loss vitamins and supplements include biotin as it’s believed to improve and strengthen hair. Fortunately, most of us get enough biotin from our diet.

Alopecia Hair Loss Causes

Androgenetic Alopecia is more commonly known as male pattern baldness but can affect women as well. Hair loss caused by psychological or physical stress is called Toxic Alopecia. Sudden irregular and round shaped patches of hair loss caused by a skin disorder is Alopecia Areata. Hair loss caused by scarring or skin damage is Scarring Alopecia and Trichotillomania is a mental disorder otherwise known as ‘hair-pulling disorder’.

What You Should Know About Dandruff

Another hair issue is dandruff but dandruff is actually nothing more than the scalp shedding dead flakes of skin. Everyone does it but if your scalp is dry, it will be more noticeable on you than on someone who has moister scalp skin. Check the Planet Supplement Health Portal & Blog for five helpful tips to get rid of dandruff and for some Alopecia treatment options!

July 3rd, 2017 Posted by | health, health care, new | No Comments

Getting Healthy Naturally With A Detox Diet

Unfortunately, our modern world abounds with harmful substances and we’re exposed to many of them on a daily basis. We eat them in our food by way of preservatives, hormones, herbicides and pesticides amongst other things. We get them by consuming alcohol and smoking. And we often breath them in just by breathing the polluted air around us!

How do we rid our bodies of these toxins?

Detox diets are one way. These diets are designed to give the body a rest from the toxins we consume by eating the wrong foods, and helping it get rid of what we’ve already accumulated. Some of the more popular detox diets include the raw food detox diet, lemon detox diet and cayenne pepper detox diet.

What is the Raw Food Detox Diet?

The Raw Food Detox Diet is a very popular, and healthy, type of detox diet. It involves eating, as the name suggests, raw and unprocessed foods. It also requires removing processed and cooked foods from your diet as well as white foods! This means no more white sugars, white cereals and grains, white rice or the products that are made from them like cookies, cakes, bread etc. In fact, as a general rule of thumb, anything that comes in a box or a packet needs to be tossed with this diet! You’ll be drinking plenty of water, eating lots of leafy greens and other fresh vegetables and snacking on fresh fruit instead!

Lemon Detox Diet May Be Right For You

Another popular detox diet is the Lemon Detox Diet, also known as the Lemonade Diet or the Master Cleanse. It’s an oldie but a goodie and involves living almost exclusively on fresh lemon juice for a period of time to help purge your body of toxins. The diet was first used over half a century ago and has helped countless thousands of people lose weight naturally and effectively whilst also cleansing their systems of built up toxins. One of the effective ingredients in lemonade diet pills is cayenne pepper and for this reason the pills are also known as Cayenne Pepper Diet Pills. This popular spicy spice is renowned for its many health benefits as it contains capsaicin. Capsaicin has been implicated not just in weight loss but also in helping with pain relief, reducing cluster headaches, managing diabetes and treating psoriasis.

Detox Diets – An Effective Way To Get Rid Of Toxins

Whilst the thought of all that energy and radiant health to be achieved with a good natural detox diet may be inspiring, it’s important to note that these diets are not suitable for everyone. Although for many of us a detox diet is certainly a great way to start feeling and looking great again, for people suffering from conditions like heart disease, cancer and kidney disease, they’re not such a great idea! That’s why, as with most things to do with your health, it’s always important to talk to your doctor first before making any significant changes.

July 3rd, 2017 Posted by | happy life, health, health care, new | 2 Comments

Is There Natural Treatment For Type 2 Diabetes?

Brought on by bad eating habits, stress and a sedentary lifestyle, Type 2 diabetes is on the rise. It’s one of the most endemic ‘lifestyle diseases’ of modern society – a staggering 300 million or more people globally have been diagnosed with it! But this disease is imminently avoidable and can even be brought under control simply by drastically changing your lifestyle!

Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to its own insulin or stops producing enough insulin to regulate blood glucose levels. It’s usually brought on by diets high in sugar and calories, coupled with a lifestyle that does not incorporate enough exercise to burn up the excess glucose consumed. High levels of stress and anxiety also contribute.

How To Determine If One Has Diabetes, Or More Specifically, Type 2 Diabetes

If you’re a prime candidate for Type 2 diabetes, there are several important warning signs to look out for. One is thirst – if you find yourself constantly wanting to drink more than the standard 8 glasses per day, or have a constantly dry mouth, this could be a sign that your blood sugar levels are too high. And that you’re either pre-diabetic or already have diabetes! Sudden and rapid weight loss without being on a diet is another symptom. Your body utilises blood glucose for fuel and requires insulin to facilitate this process. However, if you are becoming resistant to insulin, or aren’t producing enough to effectively utilise blood glucose for fuel, your body will start to use stored body fat instead. Leading to the onset of sudden and rapid weight loss. Bright yellow urine is yet another indicator of potential insulin problems as it could be the body trying to excrete excess glucose via the kidneys. Normal urine should be almost colourless, especially when adequate amounts of fluid are consumed. And last but not least, diabetics often suffer from slow healing injuries and wounds because cells lose their ability to renew and recover due to lack of sufficient fuel ie glucose. If you find yourself experiencing at least two or more of these symptoms, it should be sufficient warning to get to a doctor for testing!

Learn How To Treat Type 2 Diabetes In 3 Simple Steps

All is not doom and gloom however! There are many examples of people who have successfully brought their Type 2 diabetes under control, or brought themselves back from the brink of developing it. The key lies with a lifestyle change that helps treat type 2 diabetes in 3 simple steps. Step 1 – lose weight, or more specifically, get rid of excess body fat and particularly the stuff stored around your waist! Excessive abdominal fat has been linked to increased risk of diabetes, heart disease, high blood pressure and a host of other ailments. Step 2 – take the time to learn about diabetes type 2 and what should you eat. Then make sure you put those principles into practice by implementing a proper diabetic diet. Step 3 – get plenty of exercise. This improves your glucose metabolism and insulin production. Plus it helps get rid of that excess fat mentioned in step 2.

Find Out How To Control Diabetes: Don’t Let It Control You

For more information about dealing with, and managing diabetes, check the Planet Supplement Health Portal & Blog.

July 3rd, 2017 Posted by | happy life, health, health care, new | 14 Comments

The Joys Of Pregnancy – From Conception To Child Birth

Congratulations. You’ve just visited your GP who confirmed what you already suspected. You’re pregnant! Now comes the fun part – ensuring that you do everything you possibly can to stay fit and healthy for the next 8 and a bit months. Not just for your own health, but also for the health of your unborn child. You decide to read up on what you can expect as your pregnancy progresses – I found a great pregnancy week by week guide on Plant Supplement – and your enthusiasm begins to wane a bit. This pregnancy gig sounds like hard work!

The truth is that whilst some women sail through their pregnancy with few of the problems like morning sickness, lower back pain and various other pregnancy related ailments, many of us don’t. So yes, being pregnant can be a very long, hard nine months but there are any number of things you can do to look after yourself properly and help make it easier. Starting with what you eat. It’s always important for good health to ensure you’re eating a well-balanced diet but when you’re pregnant, this becomes doubly important. Because what you eat, or don’t eat, can have a direct impact on your baby. Remember too that your body will be supplying the baby first with what it needs and you’ll get the leftovers – make sure there are enough leftovers for you to stay in good health.

Pregnancy – What’s On And Off The Menu

Eating additional dairy foods is particularly important for a pregnant mum. Your baby needs the calcium for its developing bones and you need to think of your own bones and teeth as well. But not all dairy foods are good for you during pregnancy. Avoid products made from unpasteurized milk as well as cheeses that have a surface mould (brie, camembert etc), most of the blue cheeses and cheeses with a wax coating. Raw and partially cooked eggs are also off the menu due to the possibility of salmonella. As is raw or undercooked meat, seafood and poultry. Of course it goes without saying that junk food and caffeine are out! Onto the menu comes plenty of fresh fruit and vegetables, particularly leafy greens and sweet potato. And fluids – plenty of water and fresh fruit juices.

Exercising During Pregnancy

It’s a fact that women who are fit and healthy have an easier time of the birthing process than those who aren’t. So, unless you’re under strict doctor’s orders to take it easy, you can and should keep yourself as fit as possible. It improves your circulation, keeps your energy levels high and helps you recover faster. Swimming is a great pregnancy exercise, as is walking and yoga. Some women even do a bit of weight training!

Enjoy your pregnancy and don’t forget to check out the Pregnancy – From Conception To Childbirth article on Planet Supplement as well as the informative pregnancy week-by-week guide I mentioned earlier.

July 3rd, 2017 Posted by | happy life, health, health care, new | 6 Comments

Buying pain medicines without a prescription? Find out whether it is safe or not.

Here’s everything you need to know about over-the-counter (OTC) pain medication.

Splitting headache? Quick, get me Dispirin.  Ate too much biryani? No problem, here’s Digene!

We don’t think twice before using these medicines. Why so? These are over-the-counter (OTC) medications that you can buy without a prescription. And, of course, we have used them umpteen times earlier. However, new ones keep popping up ever so regularly. There are hundreds of thousands OTC drugs being sold in the world not only in the pharmacies and chemists, but in grocery shops, departmental stores, and even online.

OTC drugs are defined by the United States Department of Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as ‘drugs that are safe and effective for use by the general public without seeking treatment by a health professional’. This does not mean that doctors can’t prescribe these drugs. It just means that you can go buy them from any store that is licensed to sell these drugs.

In India, many Ayurvedic medicines are also sold as OTC medicine. For example, Liv52, Isabgol, and baby care products such as Gripe Water are routinely prescribed by doctors and these are available as OTC medications. So much so, according to a newspaper report, Liv52, prescribed routinely to patients with liver disorders, is among the top 20 OTC brands sold in India.


According to the Indian Drugs and Cosmetics Act, Schedule K, following is the list of OTC drugs for household use:

  • Aspirin tablets
  • Paracetamol tablets
  • Analgesic balms
  • Antacid preparations
  • Gripe water for use of infants
  • Inhalers, containing drugs for treatment of cold and nasal congestion
  • Syrups, lozenges, pills and tablets for cough.
  • Liniments for external use
  • Skin ointments and ointments for burns
  • Absorbent cotton wool, bandages, absorbent gauze and adhesive plaster
  • Castor oil, liquid Paraffin and Epsom salt
  • Quinine and other antimalarial drugs
  • Magnesium sulphate

Contraceptives, cosmetics, ophthalmic ointments of the tetracycline group of drugs, hair fixers, tablets of chloroquine salts,preparations applied to human body for the purpose of repelling insects like mosquitoes, medicated dressings and bandages for first aid, oral rehydration salts, white or yellow petroleum jelly IP (non-perfumed), morphine tablets and even nicotine gum containing upto 2 mg of nicotine are also considered OTC medication as per the Act. [2]

Benefits of OTC drugs include –

  • Increased access and increased autonomy to you;
  • You don’t have to rush to a doctor / health care professional for every little ailment;
  • Lower health care costs; and
  • Lower cost of drugs.

There are possible risks to choosing OTC drugs too –

  • Diagnosing the condition inaccurately
  • Drug resistance and drug interaction
  • Failure to follow label instructions leading to adverse reactions

Generally, when we have, say, a splitting headache, we or someone in our family would go to our friendly neighbourhood drug store and ask for a painkiller. Many a times if the brand we ask for is not available, the druggist would give us another brand saying it works just fine. How would we know if we got the right medicine?

Following are some of the commonly used OTC drugs for pain to help you select one more appropriate to your needs.

Analgesics is the category of medicines for relieving pain. There are many sub-groups of analgesics but the two analgesics that are available over-the-counter are non-narcotic analgesics and NSAIDs (non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs). Along with pain relief, most analgesic medicines also have anti-inflammatory(inflammation reducing) and anti-pyretic (fever reducing) properties.

OTC analgesics are used only in cases of mild or moderate pain that is self-limiting (improves in less than a week). You will choose them, for example, if you have a headache, toothache, menstrual cramp, or pain due to musculo-skeletal injuries.

Most OTC products marketed for pain have one of these active ingredients – acetaminophen (paracetamol),aspirin, ibuprofen, or naproxen sodium. The last three are the active ingredients of NSAIDs. Acetaminophen does not have anti-inflammatory action. Other common examples of NSAIDs are ibuprofen, ketoprofen, diclofenac, indomethacin, etodolac, oxaprozin, celecoxib.

Don’t use OTC analgesics if you have kidney problems or liver problems. NSAIDs can interfere with blood’s ability to clot, so avoid it if you are about to have surgery, or if you are on chemotherapy. These medicines are also not recommended if you are on steroids, blood pressure medications, blood thinning medications, and diabetesmedication.

Here’s a cheat sheet on some common painkillers.

Paracetamol–Paracetamol (acetaminophen) is a non-narcotic analgesic that helps relieve pain and fever, and non-nerve pains. It is not an NSAID because it does not have anti-inflammatory effects. Scientists are not very sure about the mechanism of action but they do know that it inhibits the synthesis of hormone like substances prostaglandins in the central nervous system. They also found that serotonergic pathways are also involved. [3]

Side effects are rare, except if you are hypersensitive to paracetamol. Avoid paracetamol if you are under long term treatment for liver problems. (Read: Painkillers or analgesics: Side-effects and precautions)

Aspirin – Aspirin has analgesic, anti-inflammatory, anti-pyretic, and also anti-platelet properties. It works by reducing prostaglandin activity thus reducing pain. The drug also reduces the synthesis of thromboxane 2, a substance that makes new platelets, subsequently reducing platelet aggregation. However its anti-inflammatory effects occur only when taken in high doses, that is, more than 3g per day, so you may prefer other NSAIDs for inflammation. (Read: Aspirin — 10 amazing facts you should know)

Although it is the ‘original’ analgesic, it has worse safety profile than paracetamol. Side effects may include nausea, vomiting, gastrointestinal ulceration or haemorrhage (especially in people who are 75 years or older, smokers, alcoholics, and those with existing liver or kidney problems), stomach ache, and even gout.

Ibuprofen – This drug is used to reduce fever, and alleviate pain and swellings due to headache, toothache, muscle aches, menstrual pains, back pain, arthritis, cold, or minor injury. You can take it every 4 to 6 hours as needed for pain or fever. Children below 12 need to reduce the frequency to 6 to 8 hours, and children below 6 months should not be given ibuprofen or for that matter any NSAIDs. (Read: Ibuprofen — why you shouldn’t pop these pills indiscriminately)

An overdose ofthe drug can harm your stomach or intestine. It increases the risk for heart attack or stroke. Don’t use the drug if you have had or are going to have heart surgery. If you are hypersensitive to the drug you may experience symptoms such as rash, shortness of breath, fever, nausea and vomiting, fast heartbeat, confusion, and vision problems. Get immediate medical attention.

Diclofenac – This drug is used for short-term management of headache, toothache, menstrual pains, muscle aches, and to treat symptoms of cold and flu.

Adverse effects are similar to those of other NSAIDs. The drug is licensed for use only for adults and children above 14 years of age. Don’t use the drug for more than 3 days.

Naproxen – Naproxen is used only in cases of menstrual pain. It can be used by women aged between 15 and 50 years. Take 2 tablets of 250mg initially, then if required another one after 6 to 8 hours. If required take another tablet on day 2, but don’t take more than 9 tablets in 3 days.

Naproxen also has anti-platelet properties.

Combination analgesics

NSAIDs and other analgesics are available in combination as well. One such example is codeine (and dihydrocodeine). The drug is combined with paracetamol, aspirin, or ibuprofen in fixed combinations of 8mg or 12.8mg of codeine phosphate per dose unit. [3] Dihydrocodeine is found in combination of 7.46mg per dose unit. The combination works better for some people because codeine is sort of metabolised to morphine to give the analgesic effect. However, Caucasians do not benefit from codeine because they are genetically not geared to metabolise codeine to morphine.

Here’s a list of OTC drugs you can try for different types of pain –

  • Period pain: Naproxen, diclofenac, ibuprofen
  • Migraine and headache: Acetaminophen, aspirin
  • Stomach ache, indigestion: Calcium carbonate, aluminium hydroxide and magnesium hydroxide
  • Indigestion, acidity: Ranitidine (Zantac) and asomeprazole
  • Indigestion, nausea, vomiting: bismuth subsalicylate
  • Back pain, low back pain: Ibuprofen, indomethacin, aspirin, oxycodone, hydrocodone
  • Muscle relaxants: Acetaminophen, cyclobenzaprine (Flexeril)
  • Toothache: Acetaminophen, aspirin, ibuprofen

Source:  July 3rd, 2017 Posted by | happy life, health, health care, new | 2 Comments