The importance of Educational Foundations is to strengthen and maintain the role of disciplines and strong basis, the cornerstone of Educations ideas and practice, rooting from the interaction among teachers, staff, students in all its diverse modes in and out the classes, in the preparation of educational staff aimed to enhance the analysis and study of the quality of the education and its policymaking.
The foundations of educational studies and education policy studies involve the analysis of the development and practicing of education using disciplines such as philosophy, anthropology, history, psychology, sociology, social psychology, political science, and economics, and also interdisciplinary fields such as international and comparative education, multicultural education, community or adult education, and others. Foundational studies in Education are at a constant testing of the nature of assumptions regarding all types of schooling effects on our lives.
In further defining Foundations of Education it can be conceived as a broad field of Educational Study flowing from methodology from other academic disciplines and combinations of them. Bare in mind that the study in Education Foundations is not an “Introduction to Education” coursework which is taught by well trained professionals in Foundations of Education.unless such study clearly addresses the three perspectives of education further explained in this essay, as are indicated in the Standard.
The values driving the Foundations of Education can be summarized in the following quote “To provide and promote values education at all levels of the educational system for the development of the human person committed to the building of a just and humane society and an independent and democratic nation’’
Furthermore, there are different approaches to the Foundations of the Education, some of these can be from the Education Psychological Foundations, which depend mostly on the behavioral sciences that study human interactions; there are also the Social Foundations of Education, addressed here in the explanation of the Standards, which focuses mainly in history and philosophy, social sciences (political science and sociology).
The objective of Foundations Studies is to apply these disciplinary resources in developing interpretive, normative, and critical perspectives on education, both within schools and outside of them.
As aforementioned, the Education study mainly focuses on the critical, normative and interpretive perspectives in analyzing, understanding and practicing educational theory. Some traits of these perspectives are:
- Critical perspectives use normative interpretations to help students challenge their inquiry skills, develop the questioning of educational assumptions and identify arrangements and contradictions among educational policies and practices.
Their objectives are sharpening students’ understanding and examination of educational application and achieving improvement in policy-oriented educational responsibility, schooling awareness within the environment culture.
- Normative perspectives are more related to the value orientations of the different Education systems. These aid students in understanding the core guidelines, ethical behavior and visualizing the influences in educational norms in practice.
They study the values within policy analysis and to which extent policymaking reflects values. At last, students are encouraged to assume their own values in education.
- Interpretive perspectives use concepts from humanities and social sciences to examine, understand, and explain education. Studying the goals and effects of educational institutions, with special care on how its interpretation varies from historical and cultural perspectives.
In America the origins of the Education Foundation date back to 1986, when the Council for Learned Societies in Education, initially founded in 1980 by seven member associations: American Educational Studies Association (AESA), Comparative and International Education Society, History of Education Society, The John Dewey Society, Philosophy of Education Society, The Society for Educational Reconstruction, and the Society of Professors of Education, nowadays formed by twenty member organizations, issued in 1986 the Standards for Academic and Professional Instruction in Foundations of Education, Educational Studies, and Educational Policy Studies, then these standards were reviewed and in 2000 the council was renamed Council for Social Foundations in Education and reissued these standards
The main objective of the standards issued by the Foundation Council is to offer guidance regarding the concept, functions, and importance of study in the Foundations of Education to national educational and policymaking organizations, as higher education institutions, state education agencies, and others.
The Foundations of Education study uses, as mentioned above, a series of disciplinary and interdisciplinary perspectives to understand how schools prepare young and adults to assume roles in society. It is intended to do this through analysing the connection between schools and their socializing mission.