Foundation of Education: Part 7

This edition of the standards for Academic Professional instruction in the Foundation of Education is being presented to the educational community by the council of learned societies in education (CLSE) on behalf of the council’s twenty-member societies. The American Educational Studies Education developed the first standards and published them in 1977-1978. The original standards were republished in 1986 with a new introduction by CLOSE through the Plakken publication. This booklet was circulated widely in various educational departments, including colleges of education, national accreditation agencies, and the state department of education.This edition of the standards for Academic Professional instruction in the Foundation of Education is being presented to the educational community by the council of learned societies in education (CLSE) on behalf of the council’s twenty-member societies. The American Educational Studies Education developed the first standards and published them in 1977-1978. The original standards were republished in 1986 with a new introduction by CLOSE through the Plakken publication. This booklet was circulated widely in various educational departments, including colleges of education, national accreditation agencies, and the state department of education.

Mentioned below are the purposes of the Standards:

Purposes of the Standards:

The original standards were specially designed to inform the evaluation criteria published by the national, regional, and state accreditation agencies, state department of educations, local education agencies, teacher organizations, and teacher centres. The standards included the treatments of the following educational components that are mentioned below.

● Initial teacher certification
● Professional development
● Non-foundations graduate degrees and programs
● Graduate degrees and programs that were offered jointly by foundations and other faculty
● Master and educational specialist degree and program in the foundations
● Preparation of the faculty
● Professional development of the faculty

The second edition throws light on these components while providing more significant emphasis on defining the foundation of education. It also emphasizes foundational studies in preparing such school professionals as psychologists, counselors, and administrators. A new standard was created to capture the emphasis, which brought the total to eight components. The underlying assumption for the standards in each area is that a vital correlation exists among educators, scholarly qualification professionals, professional judgments, and professional performance. However, the last cannot be reduced to a prescribed set of behaviors or standardized performance levels. Informed judgment is essential for a good program assessment, and the standards are designed for the same. The main objective of these standards is to promote quality instructions and to learn in foundational studies. This is to guarantee the students that they have opportunities to acquire normative, interpretive, and critical perspectives towards education. This can be achieved through rigorous study and field experiences for the best results.

Role of Humanities and Social Sciences:

When the standards were first developed, it was to ascertain the critical role of the humanities and social sciences in preparing educational professionals for the best results. It was also introduced to address the failure of accreditation criteria to distinguish between the social and behavioral sciences in foundational studies. The original standards emphasized that instruction in the behavioral sciences, which were easily represented by foundational studies in educational psychology, was not an acceptable substitute for foundational studies in humanities and social sciences. In the second edition, the conviction is sustained.

The educators of tomorrow will need studies in the ethical, philosophical, historical, and cultural foundations of education to make the right decisions and be informed about their knowledge. There have been several diversities in the past years but what remains prominent amidst this diversity is that a more systematic and theoretically sound assessment of teachers and teachers programs is essential to improve the education in the country. There has been the establishment of the National Board of Professional Teaching Standards. The great majority of states have decided to establish a formal partnership agreement with the National Council of Accreditation of Teachers Education. There might be consequences for what has been included and omitted from teacher’s preparation programs and curricula. However, there has been the implementation of several associations to manage the foundations of education. CLOSE organized support for the member societies to affiliate as a member of NCATE and a voting seat and one of NCATEs 5 governing bodies in the late 1980s due to the growing emphasis on evaluation of teachers and teacher’s preparation programs. The five governing bodies are Executive, Unit Accreditation, State Partnership, Speciality Area Studies, and Appeals. CLSE in the early 1990s has shown great efforts in exercising its voice effectively in NCATE deliberations and decision-making. With the help of the CLSE, there have been several developments and arrangements in the Standards of education that are being imparted to the teachers and their entire community for the best results. Education standards are clearly defined, which went through several changes in recent years trying to offer teachers and other teaching faculty the suitable medium to approach and teach students.

Deliberation of CLOSE Task Force:

In 1992, CLSE formed a task force responsible for re-examining the standards in the changes in teacher education. The task force’s responsibility was to consider how the standards adequately reflected the issues that were being debated in member societies and national credentialing and accreditation forums of CLSE. This was concerning the role of the foundations in teacher education and recommended the changes wherever necessary. The task force’s deliberation was assisted by special issues of teacher’s college records and educational foundations. Both of these associations were devoted to a re-examination of the role of the foundations in teacher preparation. The result of broad consolation of the Taskforce among member societies of CLSE is the second edition of the standards. The revision presented the original edition of the standards and preservation of the same and clarified the role and nature of foundational studies in professional preparation programs. As per CLSE, it is believed that the second edition will be of particular assistance to those who are seeking to evaluate the teachers and teacher preparation and development programs. This will also benefit anyone who is engaged in preparing educators to understand and respond to the social contexts that offer meaning to education both inside and outside the school.


The main objective of the Standards is to promote quality instructions and to learn in foundational studies. It also means to guarantee to the extent possible that teachers have preservice and professional development opportunities to acquire normative, interpretive, and critical perspectives on education, which is possible through rigorous studies and supervised field experiences. The main objective of the standards is clearly defined to develop the means of teaching and offering standards to teachers and their entire community for the best results.

Foundation of Education: Part 6

The emergence of school education could be traced back to the ancient age. However, the ancient schooling system was different from the modern ones. What did students in the ancient school do? Did the teachers impart lectures to these students? Was there any rule of arriving at the school on time? Most of us do not know about the ancient schooling environment. A brief overview of ancient schools would let you understand the evolution of the academic system.

No rules about school timing-

There is very few evidence on how ancient schools worked and made their students educated. Still, some reliable sources say that ancient educational institutions set no time to start and end the schooling hours. Every pupil used to get into the school at any time. While entering the classroom, pupils used to greet teachers and other students in the classroom. Thus, this ancient schooling and teaching system were not much organized. You cannot find any match with the modern educational system.

What educational tools were available to pupils in the ancient school?

As it is about ancient education, there was no paper. While children in the modern age use papers, pens, and pencils, ancient students had different writing tools. They used to rely on wax tablets, papyrus, and reed pens to write something.

Sumerians chose clay to write on it. Cuneiform, a type of writing, was prevalent among them. In the ancient age, there were mostly wooden and metal tools. Thus, ancient pupils could not find smooth writing opportunities with pens. However, some evidence says that students used to rely on quill pens to create Roman-style graffiti. This is a writing tool designed with moulted flight feathers of a bird. Before the invention of the modern metal nibbed pen and fountain pen, this pen was highly popular.

One of the best aspects of ancient schooling systems is that teachers used to take individual approaches to teach students. When a child has special needs, they choose different learning styles. But, they did not like to draw a clear line differentiating special children from normal ones. Thus, children who had some deficiencies in some respect could avoid problems in the educational world. They had never felt frustrated due to these deficiencies. However, you can find this trend in the modern education world. It is one of the similarities between ancient and modern educational techniques for special and normal children.

Was there any classroom blackboard in the ancient age?

In the ancient age, as there was no blackboard, clay tablets were popular. Students in ancient Sumeria and Babylonia used these clay tablets for inscribing their everyday lessons. The wet tablets may be erased for reusing purposes. However, the baked clay creates a permanent document. These tablets were similar to modern-day blackboards.

In the 18th century, American and European students started using slates and coated wooden pieces. Ink and paper were costly. However, wood and slate were cheap options at that time. However, they are not a very efficient mode for writing something.

In due course, there was an evolution of blackboard designs. After the 1960s, you could notice a chance, as the green board was invented for students. It was a coated steel plated with porcelain-based enamel. It had undergone some refinements, as chalk powder did not show while erased. The use of green colour was highly pleasing. But, it was lightweight and highly durable.

Thus, it can be said that the classroom environment in the ancient age was different from what we find in the modern days. There was a slow evolution of classroom education to bring innovations.

Foundation of Education: Part 5

The foundation of education is quite similar to the strong foundation we build for our homes to last for several decades together. The early foundation of learning plays a prominent role in the child’s later learning. If the early foundations of education are strong, the child can adapt and thrive in the future, which is remarkable. Only the curriculum and content cannot decide or discover the full potential in children. What is vital is nurturing the child’s life skills that will be essential in the future.

Developing the skills of the children and giving them time to learn is what creates a strong foundation in children. Children take time to learn at the initial stages, and as an educationist, it is essential to allow children to learn and grow at their own pace for the best results. This helps them to make correct decisions in the future and be creative thinkers. What is essential to build a strong foundation for education in children is to be ascertained by the educationists for the best results.

Educationists should emphasize building a solid foundation for specific activities such as painting, singing, running, and playing. These are what children love to do when they start learning, and offering them the right platform is how they nurture themselves and improve in the future. Many may say that these are simple activities and do not hold much value, but for a child, during their learning phase, these activities have an indispensable role to play. As educationists, it is essential to understand the core value of importance these activities have for the best results.

Activities such as playing, painting, singing, and running are crucial for developing the foundation in a child. It helps build specific skills early, such as cognitive, emotional, and social skills. Apart from these, the child also builds their speaking skills, communicating skills, visual skills and listening skills. The activities mentioned above do not need any classroom to teach the children to build their foundation and are of paramount importance.

One of the most crucial things in a child’s life is playing. Play should be given priority when dealing with children for the best results. Play cannot be ignored or not given importance in a child’s life if you are looking forward to building a solid foundation. This is because play builds the child’s physical wellness and has a lot of importance in building reasonability and more profound thinking capacity. The importance of free play in a child’s educational foundation is paramount. An unstructured, child-initiated and voluntary activity helps the child imagine, explore, and experience the world surrounding them. Free play also helps children to develop independent thinking and improve their social and collaborative play skills. These skills would be essential for the child in later life.

The foundation of education prepares a child with the tools, knowledge and confidence to be ready in life. A foundation education for children is the one that helps develop their life skills apart from the classroom education has to offer. If given all the priorities mentioned above, a child will help them thrive and develop their full potential in life.

Every child has a dream, and to realize this dream, it is essential to develop critical skills in analytical thinking, digital learning and teamwork. With play as a crucial factor, children develop teamwork, which is essential to succeed in any format of life.

Offering children an environment that is positive, productive, and encouraging will help them gain their foundation of education properly. The foundation of education is carefully structured and developed in such a manner so that they get the best exploratory start to life. The foundation of education holds the key to unlock every child’s true potential.

The foundation of education – Part 4

The educational system in the modern age is highly different from what we find in the ancient age. The modern educational system is highly organized, and when we talk about education, it reminds us of the social institution. Children in the society have to go to institutions to learn something new. You can now find these academic institutions in every developed and developing country. A country should use its wealth for the development and refinement of education. The growing value of education has led to the introduction of formal schooling trends.

Education- Formal versus informal systems-

Education is not all about the major academic concepts created in a classroom. Children can learn something new from their societies. We can categorize learning system in two ways-

Formal education is related to academic concepts and facts due to the formal curriculum. Ancient Greek philosophers and thinkers formalized learning methods. Nowadays, formal education constitutes a curriculum that the children have to follow. This education enables students to get basic knowledge.

The second category is informal education that reveals the way of learning cultural norms and values. Informal education helps you to learn the way of performing your routine tasks, preparing foods, and choosing the right dress for every occasion.

Another term relevant in this respect is cultural transmission. It indicates the way we learn values and social norms. Both formal and informal educational systems include it.

The introduction of classroom-based education-

The classroom-based education had started gaining importance due to the increasing need for achieving academic goals. Before the 1970s, education used to provide a foundation of common ethics and principles. It prepares learners to face real-life situations. However, you can notice a shift in the educational goals. It resulted in the beginning of classroom-based education.

Classroom design- Some historical facts and information-

Looking back at the 19th and 20th centuries, you could find that students had to learn more to be highly self-sufficient. The primary focus of these students should be to read, write and do arithmetic. Morality and manners are also a part of their lessons.

Horace Mann, one of the educational reformers, had introduced a one-room schoolhouse concept. In due course, legal rules had been imposed to make the educational system more standardized. The classroom design turned out to be more efficient, and instructors started using desks while teaching students. By making education more organized, students got a chance to prepare for jobs in the future.

You could notice a significant change in the concept of classroom-based education. Originally, there was teacher-centric education, and now, it is student-oriented. In due course, several school buildings were established. Government-funded initiatives help in the renovation of schools. Educational reformers recommended the proper arrangement of desks in every classroom. They also talked about the importance of open space and outdoor learning.

However, during the post-World War II, educators took the initiatives to add educational facilities. School architects in the pre-war era continued retaining student-friendly classrooms. But, some architects started following the older classroom layouts.

You have found a brief discussion about the introduction of classroom-based education. The educational landscape is dynamic, and you will see lots of changes in the academic world. The modern world has braced student-centered learning, and the learning spaces have become more space. Educational specialists are trying to reimagine the modern classroom design to make the learning process easier.

Although you are aware of the innovative learning systems, you may not know about traditional classroom-based education. It is important to learn how this classroom education started. The above discussion will help you to learn a lot about it.

Few Handy Tips for Your Foundation

Choosing a suitable university might be one of the toughest decisions. This is such a standing point in your career. You are bound to feel the pressure but with a little guidance, you can make the correct decision. You might feel a little overwhelmed if you don’t know how to start. Choosing a suitable university might be one of the toughest decisions. This is such a standing point in your career. You are bound to feel the pressure but with a little guidance, you can make the correct decision. You might feel a little overwhelmed if you don’t know how to start.

If you break down your requirements into points it will be helpful. Now the question arises what are the requirements? Let’s further discuss the topic.

Why is choosing the right University important?

Your university is your alma mater, your brand. Your university is not only where you get your education. In your university, you nurture your various skills, be it sports or soft skills, anything.

A qualification from a reputed University attracts various employers. Reputed Universities are a few in the country and it’s hard to get in but not impossible. If you can’t find yourself this guide might help you find the right one.

Few Handy Tips

  • Time Span Required: Consider the time it will take to reach your university. You can have different preferences. Generally, far away universities are a little expensive but if you are keen then it’s just right.
    You can choose a university that’s close to your hometown. This way it costs less also you reach home early and save time.
  • Site of the University: You can be an introvert, extrovert, or an ambivert person. Choose the location according to your preferences.

    If you like large towns, big cities and traveling choose a University there. Or you can easily choose one in the calm and quietness of your own safe place.

  • Course Material: One of the most important parts of choosing the right University. Look for the course you want to study and choose accordingly.

    Usually, the universities offer various course counselors as well. If you aren’t predetermined about what to study they can help you. Select a university that’s fluid in nature and allows you to pursue your interest.

  • Funding and Cost: Every student has different financial conditions. Choose a university depending upon what you can afford. If you stay in your hometown it’ll a lot cost less than studying abroad.

    If you really want to pursue a top abroad university try for scholarships. Apart from that various institutions offer to fund or there are student loans. Don’t let money come in between your dreams, keep trying.

  • Accommodation: If you are pursuing a course abroad you are likely to stay at hostels or flats. Search if the rooms are good enough to be your home for the next few years. Try learning a few things like cooking, washing, and your basic routines. This might be probably your first time away from your hometown.
  • Socializing: Your alma mater is more than what is being offered in your course. Check out the various groups, societies, clubs your university offers. Throughout your life you must have had a hobby, this is time to explore it.

    Make the most out of your university days. Participate in organizing events and arranging them. Such events help you give an insight into the management.

  • Advice and Support: Your mental health truly matters. If you are studying abroad there might be certain thoughts or stress. Check if your university provides such services. Talking to them and sharing will benefit you and your confidence.

Look for the association or any unions specifically for mental health, join them if necessary.

In a world, with the Internet, there are millions of options in hand. It’s certain that you might feel overwhelmed, don’t let it get to you. Search thoroughly and ask yourself what you want. Get yourself the best university and start building your future.

Foundations of Education, All the Seekers Must Know!

You have probably heard a lot lately about the foundations of education and what they mean for the educated individual. Education is something that has been existing since the beginning of our being. It is a process that allows people to get from where they are now to where they want to be. Education is a very important factor in any person’s life. Here, we are not focusing on any set procedure to explain education’s foundations, rather mentioning some of the milestones without which one can never pursue the endless education aspects.

To understand it better, let’s discuss the multi-faceted foundations of education:

Access to Education
All the seekers should have proper access to education, allowing all individuals to participate in the programs, and making sure that each student gets the proper benefit from their learning. These are all important factors that help to ensure that education is beneficial to everyone. Therefore, these should not be taken lightly. Any student in any educational program must be able to access education and its benefits thoroughly.

First off, education is based on the idea that all people learn through some interaction. Various types of learning occur, such as sight, touch, and even hearing. Therefore, all students going through the schools are going through a variety of learning experiences based on interaction.

Learning Through Activities
Another of the foundations of education is determined by learning through activities. These include a teacher teaching a class, reading a book, watching a video, or doing something else. A student may also take part in some project. These are all forms of experiences that allow people to learn on their own and, in the process, develop certain skills that can be used later in life.

System & Resources
Some other things are important when it comes to what are the foundations of education. It is necessary to make sure that everyone has access to the same resources, which leads to an inclusive education system. Additionally, it is also crucial that all students get able to participate in innovative programs. The more participation the students have, the more they learn, and the more they benefit from the program overall. Therefore, if more people are getting involved with a program, they are more likely to learn something new, and they will be able to use this knowledge in their future life.

Summing Up
When people understand the foundations of education, it allows them to understand the world better and learn things that are not learned in the classroom. The problem is that it isn’t possible to explain the foundations of education in a single flow. It is a diversified attribute and needs the aspects that are collected from very deep. Understanding these educational elements from a global perspective can help develop relevant skills for addressing current educational issues and concerns.