February 11th, 2016

Romance gone bad

The Historical Sheet Music Collections have plenty of love songs – songs about flirting, courtship and weddings. But there are also songwriters who understand the opposite end of the romance spectrum, from the perspectives of the ones done wrong. Here are six amusing examples just in time for Valentine’s Day.

SHEET MUSIC 241

SHEET MUSIC 241

Never introduce your bloke, to your lady friend
Words by John P. Harrington, music by George Le Brun [sic]
1907
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February 11th, 2016

“A New Standard of Laziness”

This post is part of an ongoing series featuring items recently cataloged from the Julio Mario Santo Domingo Collection.

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Tuli Kupferberg’s 1001 Ways to Live Without Working is a handbook, political satire, and collage all-in-one. Nestled between the actual 1005 point list are newspaper advertisements, photographs of protest, slave sale notices, and other pieces of historical media used to turn the list into a multimedia protest artwork. Matt Groening, creator of the Simpsons, called Kupferberg “a pioneer of list-making as art.” His style is reminiscent of French detournement, an art form where expressions of capitalist and media cultures are appropriated into new art forms used to mock and critique these very cultures. Detournement in the United States is well illustrated by Barbara Kruger’s photography. A heavy critique of American capitalism, Kupferberg’s 1001 Ways juxtaposes struggles of the working class (“have lots of doctors bills so you don’t have to pay any income tax”) with newspaper advertisements claiming a path to phenomenal wealth (“a money miracle can come to you, too!)

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Founding member of the first Beat generation band, The Fugs, Kupferberg continued to create anarchist multimedia art in New York City until his death in 2010. Kupferbeg is forever memorialized in Allen Ginsberg’s Howl as the man “who jumped off the Brooklyn Bridge this actually happened and walked away unknown and forgotten into the ghostly daze of Chinatown soup alleyways & firetrucks, not even one free beer.”
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As for those tips to live without working, the text includes such helpful suggestions as “be 1 year old” (#810), “keep on living with your parents” (#830), “invent a new political party” (#845), and “live on an iceberg” (#269). There are also direct comparisons between material culture and starvation along with a correlation between American capitalism and fascism.

To learn more, 1001 Ways To Live Without Working can be found in Widener’s collection: New York: Grove Press, 1967.

Thanks to Irina Rogova, Santo Domingo Library Assistant, for contributing this post.

February 8th, 2016

Tickets on the Royal Dime

Houghton’s latest exhibition, Shakespeare: His Collected Worksmarks the 400th anniversary of the playwright’s death. Here is a closer look at one object on display.

TCS 45Actress and royal mistress Nell Gwyn began her career in the theatre selling oranges for sixpence. By 1676 she had retired from the stage and had born Charles II two sons, yet she remained an avid playgoer. Late that year the management of the Dorset Garden Theatre sent her a bill for theater tickets which she had run up over two seasons. This and other expenses—for a silver-ornamented bedstead, for a sedan chair, for satin shoes, petticoats, and nightgowns—were forwarded to the king for payment despite the fact that he had already settled on her an annual pension of £5,000.

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Account of expenses for Nell Gwyn’s theater tickets, ca. 1676. MS Thr 56

The plays seen by Gwyn and her companions, together with dates and charges, are listed on both sides of a single folio leaf and provide some of the earliest evidence of Shakespearean performances in the Harvard Theatre Collection. Gwyn saw fifty-five plays between September 1674 and June 1676. Most were the work of contemporary dramatists, but at least ten were by Shakespeare, including new operatic versions of Macbeth and The Tempest. The latter was adapted by John Dryden and Sir William D’Avenant (and further adapted by Thomas Shadwell) and was most familiar to audiences until William Macready’s production of Shakespeare’s original more than 150 years later, in 1838. Gwyn saw it four times in three months.

She also saw the only known Restoration performance of King Lear before Nahum Tate’s happy ending adaptation of 1681, which, like Dryden’s Tempest, held the stage for more than a century and a half. We can only guess if Gwyn saw as many plays at Drury Lane, the only other patented playhouse (with whom Dorset Garden had divided rights to Shakespeare’s plays) and where Gwyn likely enjoyed freedom of the house.

MS Thr 57 (4)

Lord Chamberlain’s warrant for plays seen by Charles II at the Dorset Garden Theatre, ca. 1675. MS Thr 57 (4)

We know from warrants for Charles II’s own playgoing (pictured above, also in the Harvard Theatre Collection) that the king was present ten times when Gwyn attended the theatre, though the two sat together in the king’s box only once. From her side box, we can envision Gwyn catching the glance of the king with the queen at his side or with her chief rival for his affection, the Duchess of Portsmouth.

It is interesting to note that performances at court cost the crown double: £20; and that the king’s bill is signed by Thomas Betterton, of whom it was said that he was “an actor as Shakespeare was an author, both without competitors, formed for the mutual assistance and illustration of each other’s genius.’”

Dale Stinchcomb, Curatorial Assistant for the Harvard Theatre Collection, contributed this post. Read more about Nell Gwyn’s playgoing in William Van Lennep, “Nell Gwyn’s Playgoing at the King’s Expense,” Harvard Library Bulletin 4, no. 3 (1950): 405-408.

February 4th, 2016

African American composers and performers: portrait images in sheet music

In honor of Black History Month, here are some pieces from the Historical Sheet Music Collections of 19th and 20th century music celebrating the work of Harry Davis, Bob Cole, J. Rosamond Johnson, Jerry Mills and Lottie Grady.

Images of African American composers and performers in 18th, 19th and early 20th century sheet music were largely negative. Illustrations were often dehumanizing caricatures; with minstrel music and vaudeville tunes, photographs of white performers (or sometime black performers) in blackface were common. Or possibly the elimination of a black composer’s picture completely is the result of the publisher’s views on what will or will not sell. The following publishers chose to present composers and performers of color with respect.

SHEET MUSIC 223

SHEET MUSIC 223

The colored regimental guards
Harry Davis, composer
1880
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February 4th, 2016

Images of the grotesque

This post is part of an ongoing series featuring items recently cataloged from the Julio Mario Santo Domingo Collection.

 Img0056The Gypsy’s first issue was published in London in 1915 and contained short stories, essays, poems, illustrations, sonnets, and prose.  In their foreword the editors of the magazine acknowledged that many people would criticize their endeavor in light of the fact that half of the world was presently at war, but they firmly believed that it was the duty of an artist to express their ideas whenever they occurred.  It appears that The Gypsy only published two issues.

Alan Odle, an English illustrator, contributed a lot of the artwork contained in The Gypsy.  Odle never achieved a great level of fame in his lifetime and is mainly remembered as the husband of Dorothy Richardson, a British author and journalist.  His style is described as a precursor to surrealism with most of his images being quite grotesque as well as subversive.

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Widener has a few volumes in their collection which feature his illustrations including Candide; or, The Optimist by Voltaire.  Published in 1922 you can see that his style is a little cleaner and less intricate then the work he did for the Gypsy though it still clearly contains a sense of the grotesque.

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Odle also contributed his work for a number of James Hanley volumes including this frontispiece for The Last Voyage.  Only 550 copies were printed and signed by the author and this one is no. 12.   Odle’s work on the frontispiece displays a style that leans more heavily towards surrealism.

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To explore more of Odle’s work in publications of The Gypsy, you can find the two issues in Widener’s collection.

Thanks to Alison Harris, Santo Domingo Project Manager for contributing this post. 

February 1st, 2016

New on OASIS in February

TCS 63 (395)Finding aids for six newly cataloged collections, including playbills from London theaters, costume designs, and samples of the work of photographic studios, have been added to the OASIS database this month:

Processed by: Micah Hoggatt and Susan Pyzynski

Playbills and Programs from London Theaters (TCS 63)

Processed by: Irina Klyagin

Letters to Natasha Trouhanova (MS Thr 1252)

Alec Shanks costume and set designs for music-halls (MS Thr 1285)

Irene Sharaff costume designs (MS Thr 1290)

Processed by: Ashley Nary

Photograph Samples from American, British, and European Photographic Studios (MS Thr 1081)

Processed by: Susan Wyssen

Amilcare Ponchielli letters and musical sketches (MS Thr 1198)

January 31st, 2016

Perhaps Silence Is More Decent: Thomas Merton at 100

January 31st marks the closing of the centenary of Thomas Merton’s birth. Merton is best known for his 1948 autobiography The Seven Story Mountain, which charted his trajectory from world citizen and aspiring literati to cloistered monk at the Abbey of Our Lady of Gethsemani in Kentucky. In addition to writing prose and poetry related to spirituality and social concerns, Merton was at the forefront of interfaith dialogue with Eastern religious traditions. He was one of four Americans highlighted by Pope Francis in his address to a joint session of the United States Congress in September of 2015.

Ink on paper drawing titled Jerusalem by Thomas Merton

“Jerusalem.” Ink on paper drawing. bMS Am 2077 (3929a)

Even when limited to the brief time period when Thomas Merton was active, Houghton Library’s collections cover a vast and diverse assemblage of figures, movements, and institutions within the realms of literature, academia, politics, and the arts. In addition to the Modern Books and Manuscripts Department, Houghton houses subject collections in Printing and Graphic Arts, Theatre, and Poetry. Remarkably, Merton is present in each of these collections, speaking to the extent and breadth of his involvement in the world. The reach of his correspondence alone is an Erasmian patchwork of geography and subject that belies the notion of monastics being separate from or indifferent to humanity outside of their cloisters.

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January 28th, 2016

“50 Centuries of Service to Mankind”

This post is part of an ongoing series featuring items recently cataloged from the Julio Mario Santo Domingo Collection.

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A History of Pharmacy in Pictures, a depiction of the history of the pharmaceutical profession through oil paintings, was first conceived by pharmacist and journalist George A. Bender before the Second World War. He was inspired be a series of photographs showing the history of surgery produced by Davis & Geck in the 1920s.  Despite this early conception, it would take Bender somewhere around a decade to comprise the series of oil paintings.  In 1947, Bender became editor of Modern Pharmacy, a publication of Parke-Davis & Company, once the oldest and largest pharmaceutical company in America, which was acquired by Pfizer in 2000.  Two years into this position, he was finally granted approval for a project then entitled  “Pictorial Interpretations of Pharmacy Through the Ages.”  Though his original intention was to use the the photographic reenactment technique that Davis & Geck used, Bender eventually hired Robert A. Thom, a painter.  The two worked together for nearly a decade to research the history of pharmacy to create historically accurate paintings.  Thom traveled to Europe in 1953 to visit sites he would depict in person.  Although it took Thom about a month to create each painting, approximately half a year of research went into each of the 40 works of art.  Bender and Thom covered some 250,000 miles in the span of their 8 years of research for the paintings.

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The paintings were originally published in Modern Pharmacy, then turned into window displays, and eventually shown in a variety of museums including the Smithsonian, the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art, and Hôtel des Invalides in Paris.  Pharmacists bought prints of the paintings for display in their establishments.  Although the paintings begin “before the dawn of history,” and cover medical practices in Babylon, Egypt, China, Persia, and Europe, the focus of most paintings lies with pharmaceutical developments in the United States.  This pamphlet contains all 40 paintings in black and white, along with paragraph descriptions of the time period and practices they portray.

Click here learn more about the development of this project, along with its portrayal of the pharmaceutical profession in the United States.  To see the paintings in color, please see a presentation by the College of Pharmacy at Washington State University here.

To learn more, A History of Pharmacy in Pictures can be found in Countway’s collection: Detroit, Michigan: Parke, Davis & Company, 1960.

Thanks to Irina Rogova, Santo Domingo Library Assistant, for contributing this post.

January 28th, 2016

Driven bananas by popular songs

Have you ever had an “earworm”, a song stuck in your head? From the Historical Sheet Music Collections, here are some funny takes on show business’ response to the omnipresent songs of the day. The Merry Widow was a popular operetta composed by Franz Lehár, and in 1907 the public’s craze for the music, especially “The Merry Widow Waltz,” apparently captivated some (there was a film, The Merry Widow Waltz Craze) but aggravated other folks – and the aggrieved response was swift:

SHEET MUSIC 169

SHEET MUSIC 169

I’m looking for the man that wrote “the Merry Widow Waltz”
Seymour Furth, music, and Edgar Selden, lyrics
1907

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January 25th, 2016

Jean-Claude Touche: unknown hero

Many have been the excited blogs I’ve written over the years, highlighting a find in the Ward Collection. It is often difficult to restrain myself from writing about something once a day, given the riches hiding in every box. But sometimes, the discoveries are rather sad, and I thought twice about highlighting this particular score. But its creator’s story deserves to be remembered. Jean-Claude Touche was a gifted musician, born into a musical family. He entered the Paris Conservatory, where he took harmony classes with Maurice Duruflé and organ with Marcel Dupré. He took a Premier Prix d’orgue in 1944, and was considered to be a great talent.

MS Thr 1297 title page

MS Thr 1297 title page

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