People's War:   Left & bottom: Typically heroic images from the People’s War, a classically Maoist strategy of surrounding and choking off the old state from the countryside.   Middle: Abimael Guzman (aka ‘Chairman Gonzalo’) as he appeared in a Lima courtroom in November, 2004.


Peru’s People’s War: A Melancholic Retrospect

Luis Arce Examines the “Remnants of a Betrayed Revolution”

A guerrilla action, and similarly a whole process of armed struggle, does
not by itself constitute a liberating political process in the sense of
revolutionary change of society and the state.

The revolutionary content of a political or military action is determined by
its strategic objective, whose essence is determined by a combination of
ideological, political and organizational factors.

From May 1980 until almost the middles of the ’90s the Maoist guerrilla was
without any doubt a hope for revolutionary change in Peru. The poor masses
took it as such and valiantly fought at its side. In that war the people
gave their blood and sacrifice, and more than 60,000 peasants, workers,
students, squatters, and others had died by the end of the armed conflict. A
historical epoch that is an extraordinary legacy for the Peruvian people and
their future revolution. What cut short that road? In October 1993 Abimael


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    May 6, 2007 @ 4:37 pm


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  3. aydin

    August 20, 2007 @ 10:14 am


    Thanks for info so good.

  4. Justinefx

    October 15, 2007 @ 11:43 pm


    Very nice example for all how people’s war can make change of society and the state.

  5. Alex

    October 28, 2007 @ 5:10 am


    Yes, you are right…… Always armed struggle is not the right way of making revolutionary change in our society. Before any revolution, the people who are involved with this should be clear about their aim and objective. Otherwise they have to bear many loses and it is clearly understandable from the above story.

  6. Jorge

    May 18, 2008 @ 3:54 am


    I think any country deserves not only their gov and also their ‘anti-gov people’. Peru have an strange society, but characterized for me as; without identity, no social cohesion, non solidarity, anomic, power emptiness, no cultural integration. I am talking about the cultural aspect son the leaders are going to be like this; can be anything but reflecting the cultural aspect I named. So they gonna have despotic leaders all the time, without a social commitment and without 100% acceptation; so , leaders are gonna fail all the time (I am talking about leaders from heaven and evil, good o bad) so this phenomenon like GUZMAN, Abimael it’s part of that, part of a ambiguous society, more alike to social added than society in strict. sorry for my english, but you can write me back to my email and I’ll try better